The wedding of the Duke of Orleans

The wedding of the Duke of Orleans


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  • Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

    DEVELLY Jean-Charles (1738 - 1849)

  • Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

    DEVELLY Jean-Charles (1738 - 1849)

  • Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

    DEVELLY Jean-Charles (1738 - 1849)

  • Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

    DEVELLY Jean-Charles (1738 - 1849)

To close

Title: Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

Author : DEVELLY Jean-Charles (1738 - 1849)

Creation date : 1841

Date shown: 1837

Dimensions: Height 0 - Width 0

Technique and other indications: Painted scenes Bronze, porcelain Production site: Sèvres factory

Storage location: National Museum of the Château de Fontainebleau website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot website

Picture reference: 90-005234-02 / F 931 C

Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot

To close

Title: Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

Author : DEVELLY Jean-Charles (1738 - 1849)

Creation date : 1841

Date shown: 1837

Dimensions: Height 0 - Width 0

Technique and other indications: Painted scenes Production site: Sèvres factory

Storage location: National Museum of the Château de Fontainebleau website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot website

Picture reference: 90EE5237 / F 931 C

Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot

To close

Title: Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

Author : DEVELLY Jean-Charles (1738 - 1849)

Creation date : 1841

Date shown: 1837

Dimensions: Height 0 - Width 0

Technique and other indications: Painted scenes Production site: Sèvres factory

Storage location: National Museum of the Château de Fontainebleau website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot website

Picture reference: 90EE5238 / F 931 C

Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot

To close

Title: Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

Author : DEVELLY Jean-Charles (1738 - 1849)

Creation date : 1841

Date shown: 1837

Dimensions: Height 0 - Width 0

Technique and other indications: Painted scenes Production site: Sèvres factory

Storage location: National Museum of the Château de Fontainebleau website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot website

Picture reference: 90EE5241 / F 931 C

Commemorative furniture of the marriage of the Duke of Orleans.

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot

Publication date: March 2016

Historical context

After the Fieschi attack which nearly cost Louis-Philippe his life, the royal prince’s marriage became a priority: Thiers claimed that the birth of a grandson at the Tuileries would consolidate the dynasty and discourage possible regicides. The choice of a wife for the eldest son of Louis-Philippe, Ferdinand-Philippe, Duke of Orléans, is both an act of internal policy (monarchical tradition of princely marriages in order to strengthen the dynasty) and an act of foreign policy (broadening the alliances more oriented towards the United Kingdom after the Entente Cordiale of 1831).

The few princesses to marry in the European courts showed little enthusiasm in joining the France which had beheaded Marie Antoinette. The approaches to the Archduchess Therese and the Austrian court failed, and Ferdinand "resigned" to making a "small marriage" finding that the most modest of the princesses of Germany was preferable to a Habsburg "who would bring all kinds of dowry. of evils ”.

Image Analysis

The cabinet is made up of forty-nine pieces. It is decorated with five colored subjects which represent the various wedding ceremonies, with a bistre view under each subject. The colored decor is in the Renaissance style with various parts in matt gold.

The five main plaques were all painted by Develly and represent the following subjects (left to right):
- the arrival of Princess Hélène at the gates of Fontainebleau on May 29, 1837;
- the reception of the princess by the king at the top of the horseshoe staircase;
- the civil marriage in the gallery of Henri II (now the ballroom);
- Catholic marriage in the Chapel of the Trinity;
- the Protestant marriage in the Louis-Philippe gallery (current Salle des Colonnes).
The five small oval plaques represent:
- the princess's residence in Schwerin;
- the prefecture of Metz;
- the Fontainebleau camp;
- star's triumphal arch ;
- Paris City Hall.

The sculptor Jaley had been commissioned to carry out the sculpted parts: young man holding the attributes of Fine Arts and Military Art, young woman wearing the attributes of Music and Letters, eight figures of caryatids and three figures of children located under the pediment. Bouvrain took care of placing the matt gold on the caryatids, the sphere, the lyre, etc.

Interpretation

The choice of the Renaissance style for this piece of furniture recalls how much Louis-Philippe in particular and the 19th century in general appreciated the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, or rather the image one could have of them. In this way we restored the works inherited from the past in the belief that they could do 'better' than at the time thanks to contemporary techniques. architecture, sculpture, painting, decorative arts, and even in literature as Victor Hugo shows.

But this box set also indicates how strong the cleavage between Protestant monarchies and Catholic monarchies remained in the 19th century. Ferdinand-Philippe's mother, Marie-Amélie, granddaughter of Marie-Thérèse of Austria and first cousin of Marie-Antoinette, has a hard time accepting a Protestant entering her family. The scenes reproduced on the furniture bear witness to the revolutionary heritage (primacy of civil marriage) and to the dual religious affiliation of the bride and groom.

  • Fontainebleau
  • Orleans (of)
  • Louis Philippe
  • wedding
  • furniture
  • July Monarchy
  • alliance policy

Bibliography

Anne MARTIN-FUGIER The daily life of Louis-Philippe and his family Paris, Hachette, 1992.Pierre ROSANVALLON The Guizot Moment Paris, Gallimard, 1985.Philippe VIGIER The July Monarchy Paris, PUF coll. "What do I know? »N ° 1002, 1982.CollectiveMusée national du Château de Fontainebleau Catalog of furniture collections Paris, RMN, 1989.

To cite this article

Martine GIBOUREAU, "The marriage of the Duke of Orleans"


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