John Deere

John Deere


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

“I will never put my name on a product that does not have in it the best that is in me.”
- John Deere

John Deere was born in Rutland, Vermont, on February 7, 1804. He was educated in public schools and started his work life as a blacksmith's apprentice, working in various locations in Vermont.Deere moved to Grand Detour, Illinois, in 1837 where he started the first blacksmith shop in that farming area.Becoming familiar with the local plows, Deere noticed that the current cast-iron implements did not perform well, and required constant repair. Deere came up with two ideas: to use polished steel, and a more correct angle for the plow to pierce the soil.Those fresh ideas inspired Deere to develop and sell improved plows. By 1855, more than 10,000 plows were sold and Deere had gained a strong reputation for high-quality products.John Deere formed a partnership with his son Charles in 1858, which they incorporated in 1868 as Deere and Company. John Deere remained as president of Deere and Company until his death in 1886, when he was succeeded by his son.Deere and Company was incorporated in 1868. Approximately 46,000 people work for John Deere, one of the oldest industrial companies in the United States.


John Deere was born on February 7, 1804, in Rutland, Vermont. After a brief educational period at Middlebury College, at age 17 in 1821 he began an apprenticeship with Captain Benjamin Lawrence, a successful Middlebury blacksmith, and entered the trade for himself in 1826. [3] [4] He married Demarius Lamb in 1827 and fathered nine children. [4] [5] Deere worked in Burlington before opening his own shops, first in Vergennes, and then in Leicester. [6]

John Deere settled in Grand Detour, Illinois. At the time, Deere had no difficulty finding work due to a lack of blacksmiths working in the area. [7] Deere found that cast-iron plows were not working very well in the tough prairie soil of Illinois and remembered the needles he had previously polished by running them through sand as he grew up in his father's tailor shop in Rutland, Vermont. [7] Deere came to the conclusion that a plow made out of highly polished steel and a correctly shaped moldboard (the self-scouring steel plow) would be better able to handle the soil conditions of the prairie, especially its sticky clay. [8]

There are varying versions of the inspiration for Deere's famous steel plow. In one version, he recalled the way the polished steel pitchfork tines moved through hay and soil and thought that same effect could be obtained for a plow.

In 1837, Deere developed and manufactured the first commercially successful cast-steel plow. The wrought-iron framed plow had a polished steel share. This made it ideal for the tough soil of the Midwest and worked better than other plows. By early 1838, Deere completed his first steel plow and sold it to a local farmer, Lewis Crandall, who quickly spread word of his success with Deere's plow. Subsequently, two neighbors soon placed orders with Deere. By 1841, Deere was manufacturing 75–100 plows per year. [4]

In 1843, Deere partnered with Leonard Andrus to produce more plows to keep up with demand. However, the partnership became strained due to the two men's stubbornness – while Deere wished to sell to customers outside Grand Detour, Andrus opposed a proposed railroad through Grand Detour – and Deere's distrust of Andrus' accounting practices. [9] In 1848, Deere dissolved the partnership with Andrus and moved to Moline, Illinois, because the city was a transportation hub on the Mississippi River. [10] By 1855, Deere's factory sold more than 10,000 such plows. It became known as "The Plow that Broke the Plains" and is commemorated as such in a historic place marker in Vermont. [11]

Deere insisted on making high-quality equipment. He once said, "I will never put my name on a product that does not have in it the best that is in me." [12] Following the Panic of 1857, as business improved, Deere left the day-to-day operations to his son Charles. [13] In 1868, Deere incorporated his business as Deere & Company. [13]

Later in life, Deere focused most of his attention on civil and political affairs. He served as President of the National Bank of Moline, a director of the Moline Free Public Library, and was a trustee of the First Congregational Church. [3] [14] Deere also served as Moline's mayor for two years but due to chest pains and dysentery Deere refused to run for a second term. [3] [15] He died at home (known as Red Cliff) on May 17, 1886. [16]


The John Deere Waterloo Boy tractor debuted at the National Tractor Demonstration in Salina, Kansas, in August, 1918.

Deere spent $50,000 on tractor advertising in the year following its debut of the Waterloo Boy.

Deere & Company considered the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company a long-term investment. It took nine years for the tractor division to report a profit.

Deere's first Waterloo Boy print ad for the trade press appeared in the Farm Implement News in January, 1919.

The Waterloo Boy was promoted as the "best and most efficient tractor" on the market for farmers inclined to buy a tractor.

Read More

If you enjoyed reading about this classic tractor you might also like reading one of the stories below.


Before the Waterloo Boy: Origins of the John Deere Tractor, 1912-1917

March 14, 2018, marks the 100th anniversary of the day Deere & Company purchased the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company, in Waterloo, Iowa.

The first two decades of the twentieth century saw sweeping changes at Deere & Company. Already in existence for over 70 years, the company passed its leadership into the hands of its third president, William Butterworth, in 1907. Butterworth, who was married to founder John Deere’s granddaughter Katherine Deere, led the company through a series of acquisitions, rebuilding the organizational structure, integrating product lines, and creating, for all operational purposes, an entirely new business.

In all, company sales grew from $5.3 million in 1909 to more than $30 million in 1913. During this time, Deere also entered the harvesting business with a new factory, the John Deere Harvester Works, in East Moline, Illinois.

The realization of a “full line” seemed complete, but another emerging technology was being watched closely.

In the summer of 1911, Deere & Company board member Willard Velie told the company’s Executive Committee they “had better consider the matter of securing selling alliances with manufacturers of tractors.” Soon, thoughts of distribution of the Big Four “30” tractor, built by the Gas Traction Company of Minneapolis, Minnesota, would turn to discussion of acquisition and manufacturing. While a risky business proposition, the potential impacts of mechanized farming and the role of what many in the industry were now calling a “tractor,” could not be denied.

Deere considered several acquisition opportunities, as well as joint ventures with two existing suppliers. Ultimately, leadership decided to pursue internal development, with the Board of Directors passing a resolution to fund the research and development of a new “tractor plow” on March 5, 1912.

After several months of field work identifying best-in-class tractors from multiple categories, designer Charles Melvin was allocated $6,000 and a room at the John Deere Plow Works in Moline to begin the design and construction of an experimental tractor plow. The first tractor was based loosely on the design of an existing Hackney Motor Plow. Field trials, however, were disappointing, and by early 1914 the Melvin design was abandoned.

Over the next four years, a series of concepts were designed, built, and tested. In 1914, Vice President Joseph Dain began work on his concept for an all-wheel-drive tractor. Concurrently, head engineer Max Sklovsky began work on a smaller tractor called the A-2. The Sklovsky A-2 plowed its first field on November 20, 1915, at the John Deere Malleable Works in East Moline, the site that would serve as the tractor “skunkworks,” or experimental facility, during this testing period.

Sklovsky’s second design, the B-2, was described as a “small edition of the Dain machine.” It included a pivot-axle, automobile-type steering, and a four-cylinder Northway engine. The B-2 was tested for eight weeks during the summer of 1916. Leadership was pleased with the progress, but wasn’t convinced that customers wanted a four-cylinder tractor that burned gasoline. At the time, the United States had not yet entered World War I, but if that happened, the price of gasoline and steel would surely spike, they felt. In addition, the rapid growth of the automobile over the next decade provided a blueprint for other customer requirements.

The All-Wheel-Drive Tractor

While Sklovsky continued development, Joseph Dain was appropriated funds in late 1914 to build his own prototype. Despite a variety of flaws, Dain was pleased overall, noting that “as it is entirely different from any other tractor on the market, we did not have anyone’s previous experience to guide us.”

In 1916, another $25,000 was allocated for new machinery, patterns, and tools. By the end of the summer, five more tractors had been built. The progress was notable enough to cancel further development of Sklovsky’s design.

At the outset of 1917, Deere’s future seemed bright. Revenues were on pace to reach record levels. Tractor development was nearing completion, and Deere would soon have its first tractor on the market. Meanwhile, the United States’ entry into World War I was drawing labor away from the farm, creating a manpower shortage. That shortage, combined with increased pressures to produce more food, spiked tractor sales – from 14,000 units in 1914, to 63,000 units in 1917.

Sadly, Deere’s tractor development program was dealt a severe blow by the unexpected deaths of both Charles Melvin and Joseph Dain in 1917. Less than three weeks after Dain’s death, the board of directors gave its approval for “the manufacture of 100 tractors of the Dain type, as are available, and such outside assistance as it is advisable to obtain…”

While the Dain All-Wheel-Drive tractor was approved for production, it did not meet all of the requirements Deere established, including the burning of kerosene, low purchase price, ease of maintenance, and durability. These requirements were important, as tractor companies were failing just as quickly as they were forming. William Morgan, manager of the John Deere Harvester Works, encouraged the company not to waste any more time figuring out what type of tractor to build.

Indeed, the tractor industry, still in its earliest formative years, had changed dramatically since Deere’s first experimental work began in 1912. Ultimately, that work would lead to the acquisition of the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company in March 1918.

Today, you can see the only intact All-Wheel-Drive Tractor at the John Deere Tractor and Engine Museum, in Waterloo, Iowa. In late March, it will be featured at Gathering of the Green, a bi-annual collector event in Davenport, Iowa. It will then be moved to the John Deere Pavilion, in Moline, Illinois, an important reminder of the six years of tractor development that led to the company’s entry into the tractor business.

Read More

If you enjoyed this story, check out other films and stories from our "Out of the Vault" Series:


What Are Some Facts About John Deere History?

As a leader in innovation, John Deere has demonstrated an ongoing commitment to helping customers be as productive as possible for more than a century. While most are aware of the success of this company today, many people do not have a full comprehension of John Deere history and its impact on society.

With this in mind, let’s take a closer look at some facts about what helped John Deere get to where it is today.

  • Many view John Deere as a midwestern business, and although the company began there, its founder is actually from Rutland, Vermont—where he was born on February 7, 1804. He did not move to Grand Detour, Illinois until 1836, but what already an established blacksmith.
  • In 1837, John Deere, who was only 33 years old at the time, designed the first steel plow which helped farmers cut through sticky prairie soil with ease.
  • John Deere only managed John Deere and Company for 6 years, from 1852 – 1858, before passing the job onto his 21-year-old son, Charles. During his time within this position, Charles helped the company become one of the top implement makers in the country.
  • As enthusiasm for bicycles swept the nation in 1894, John Deere and Company began manufacturing their own models, including the Deere Leader, the Deere Roadster, and the Moline Special. Once this excitement died down, production of these bicycles ceased.
  • John Deere and Company began to expand internationally in 1912 with a manufacturing entity in Canada. This global expansion continued in 1956 when the company began to build manufacturing plants in Mexico, Germany, and Spain – eventually, France, Argentina, and South Africa were also thrown into the mix. It was this piece of John Deere history that helped the company develop over 100 locations across the world.
  • Since the creation of the first steel plow in 1837, John Deere has designed, produced, and sold approximately 690 different tractor models. Even after more than a century of producing quality equipment, John Deere does not seem to be showing any signs of slowing down!
  • As of 2018, John Deere employed approximately 60,000 professionals worldwide, including engineers, logistics specialists, and more.
  • The John Deere Industrial Equipment Division was officially established in 1958 after playing a role in the industry for decades.
  • Since receiving its first patent in 1864, John Deere has introduced 8 variations of its trademark logo. Throughout this time, the leaping deer design was altered several times before the company introduced its modern green and yellow image in 2010.
  • While John Deere is widely known for its production of tractors, these machines were not manufactured until 1918, when the company purchased Waterloo Engine Gas Company. Today, the company produces equipment for a wide array of industries in addition to agriculture, including construction, lawn and grounds care, and forestry.

For more information regarding John Deere history, the equipment this company has to offer, contact your local John Deere dealer.


107 Odd Facts About John Deere

1. John Deere was born into a middle class family in Rutland, Vermont on February 7, 1804.

2. John Deere was the third son of William Rinhold Deere and Sarah Yates Deere. William and Sarah had 6 children including John.

3. William Deere’s profession was a professional merchant tailor.

4. In 1808 William Deere boarded a ship bound for England to claim an old family inheritance. He was never heard from again and it was assumed he died at sea.

5. John Deere was raised by his mother and the family of 7 barely survived on her limited income.

6. John took a job in his teens as a tanner where he ground bark to help the family.

7. John Deere had a limited education and taught himself the Blacksmith Trade by accepting an apprenticeship at age 17 with Captain Benjamin Lawrence of Middlebury, Vermont.

8. After just 4 years of a blacksmith apprenticeship Deere set out on his own to charter his own course. For the next 12 years Deere moved around Vermont practicing his trade in various towns. He had limited success as competition was steep for blacksmiths.

9. John had not one but two blacksmith shops that were destroyed by fire.

10. A former employer of John’s had settled a small village in Western Illinois called Grand Detour. At the time many easterners were venturing out west in pursuit of economic opportunity.

11. In late 1836, at the age of 33, John Deere left Vermont for Grand Detour, Illinois facing bankruptcy and a fledgling economy which would later become the Panic of 1837.

12. John made the trip with just $73 dollars in his pocket. He faced debtors prison in Vermont and was summons by the Village of Leicester for a note he owed of $78.76.

13. The trip took John Deere 3 weeks by canal boat, steamer and wagon to arrive in Grand Detour.

14. He set up another blacksmith shop in Grade Detour, Illinois and after a year of business he sent for his wife Demarius Lamb and their 5 children.

15. In Grand Detour, Deere was regarded as the village repairman in addition to his blacksmith duties. He was also responsible for repairing and making small tools such as shovels, pitchforks and plows.

16. In 1837 John Deere was foraging a steel blade for a local sawmill when the blade cracked in half and stuck in the dirt. Deere went to pick up the steel blade stuck in the dirt when he was struck with a life changing idea.

17. The blade was bent in a concave U shape and John Deere immediately thought of how this shape could be used utilized in plow designs of the time.

18. Plows of the time were made of wood or cast iron and had to be scrapped clean of dirt on a regularly basis as the fertile soil of Illinois would stick to the blade surface.

19. John Deere started tinkering with steel plow designs and by 1838 had sold 3 plows to local farmers.

20. Deere saw that value of manufacturing equipment for stock and having them ready for sale versus manufacturing a plow after and order had already been placed. By 1839 John Deere had produced 10 more plows and by 1840 had 40 plows built.

21. In 1842 John Deere partnered with Leonard Andrus and purchased land for construction of a two story factory along the Rock River in Illinois.

22. The original factory in Rock River was named the “L. Andrus Plough Manufacturer”.

23. In 1842 John Deere produced 100 plows and 400 plows by 1843.

24. In 1843 John Deere procured steel shipments from England for his plows. Later on John Deere would purchase steel from Pittsburgh, PA as the steel industry in America exploded post Civil War.

25. By 1846 production had risen dramatically and John Deere had over 1,000 plows in stock at his facility.

26. In 1848 John Deere ended his partnership with Leonard Andrus and relocated the company to Moline, Illinois to have better access to the railroad and Mississippi River.

27. Also in 1848, John Deere formed a partnership with Robert Tate and John Gould and built a 1,440 sq. ft factory.

28. By 1849 production rose to 200 plows a month and an additional 2 story addition was added to the factory.

29. In 1853 John Deere bought out Tate and Gould and joined his son Charles Deere in business.

30. Early on John Deere produced a number of various types of equipment including planters, cultivators, plows and wagons.

31. John Deere was a pioneer of a product quality once saying, “I will never put my name on a product that does not have in it the best that is in me.”

32. John Deere was a sticker on about design changes and to never stop improving the quality of his products. One of his early business associates would say changes in design were not necessary as farmers would be forced to take whatever was produced. Deere responded with, “They haven’t got to take what we make and somebody else will beat us, and we will lose our trade.”

33. In 1857 the company was producing 1,120 units a month however in 1858 a financial recession gripped the nation and Deere sold his financial interests to his son in law Christopher Webber and son Charles to avoid bankruptcy.

34. John Deere made sure his son Charles got the best education having not had much of an education himself. Charles Deere attended private schools in Moline, went to Iowa College in Davenport, Iowa and then further studies at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois. He completed, which was the equivalent of an MBA, at the prestigious Bell College in Chicago, Illinois.

35. Charles Deere joined the company at age 16 as the company’s bookkeeper.

36. 21 year old Charles Deere took over the company in 1858 and ran it for 49 years.

37. John Deere became interested in politics in the early 1850s and agreed to be county chairman for the Whig party.

38. John Deere was a staunch abolitionist and was highly involved in the newly formed Republican Party.

39. The company incorporated as Deere & Company in 1868 and was a supporter for Union Army during the civil war.

40. After the civil war John Deere spent his golden years on a farm raising Jersey Cattle and Berkshire Hogs.

41. In 1865 John’s wife of 38 years, Demarius, died. In 1866 John traveled to Vermont to marry Demarius’ younger sister, Lucenia.

42. John Deere was very active in local politics in Moline and was elected the second Mayor of Moline in 1873.

43. Under John’s tenure as Mayor he brought the first fire engine, co-founded The First National Bank and was a trustee of the First Congregational Church. He also contributed to numerous charitable, educational and political organizations in Illinois.

44. John was elected to Mayor during a widespread temperance movement in America and passed an unpopular liquor license ordinance receiving widespread criticism.

45. Mayor John Deere was best known for during his tenure for fixing sidewalks and sewers as well as attending to public health measures to prevent disease.

46. After John’s two year tenure as mayor of Moline was up he was more than ready to leave politics behind him. He and his wife Lucenia frequently traveled to Vermont as well as California via the newly completed transcontinental railroad to escape those cold Midwest winters.

47. John Deere served as President of his company until 1886 while Charles ran the day to day operations.

48. John and his second wife, Lucenia, had 4 more children in John’s golden years. John Deere fathered 9 children in total between his first and second wives.

49. John Deere passed away May 17, 1886 at the age of 82 at his home in Red Cliff which overlooked the town of Moline which now had 10,000 residents.

50. More than 4,000 people attended John Deere’s funeral to pay their final respects.

51. John Deere’s family went on to lead the company for another 96 years after his death.

52. Charles Deere was an outstanding businessman and expanded the business with his concept of independent wholesaler networks called “Branch Houses” which were helped to market and supply independently owned and operated retail outlets.

53. Beginning in 1888 steam tractors began making an appearance on American farms. John Deere produced gang plows that steam tractors could pull but not the tractors themselves. The steam age would last roughly 30 years eventually being replaced by the gas or diesel powered tractors. John Deere largely didn’t compete in the steam tractor market.

54. In the mid 1890s the bicycle became a popular mode of transportation in America. John Deere tried to capitalize on the trend and produced three models of bicycles in 1894: The Deere Roadster, The Deere Leader and the Moline Special. Production stopped after a couple of years once the craze died down.

55. Charles Deere passed away in 1907. By that time the company was producing a wide variety of product lines including cultivators, corn and cotton planters, plows, wagons, bailers and flatbeds.

56. In 1907 John Deere’s third President, William Butterworth, instituted the first company pension plan for all employees with more than 20 years of service and who have passed the age of 65.

57. In 1911 John Deere’s third President William Butterworth brought six non-competing farm equipment companies under the John Deere banner which greatly expanded John Deere’s ability to produce a full line of products.

58. In 1918 the company purchased the Waterloo Gasoline Traction Engine Company in Waterloo, Iowa. Tractors would become a staple of the John Deere line.

59. The first year of production of the Waterloo Tractor produced 5,634 units.

60. In 1923 John Deere produces the Model D tractor which would become the bestselling two-stroke cylinder engine. It would remain in production for another 30 years.

61. In 1928 Charles Deere Wiman took over the company and set in motion the groundwork that would become the modern day John Deere. Modern agriculture in American was developing and it was due to his strong importance on technology and engineering that made the John Deere Company really take off.

62. Sales plummet to $8.7 million a year by 1933 as the Great Depression sets in. The company is losing money at an alarming rate forcing massive layoffs, pay and pension cuts, part time hours and end to vacation days.

63. During the Great Depression John Deere tries to help its employees as best it can by continuing its group insurance for the unemployed, lowers rents to affordable levels in company housing communities, starts a group savings plan and creates “make work” program which is the company equivalent of national New Deal Program.

64. Despite the economic hardships during the Great Depression the company did $100 million in Gross Sales in 1937 and climbed its way out of its financial troubles.

65. In 1938 Henry Dreyfuss worked with John Deere engineers to streamline the Model A and B Tractors to make them more attractive and user friendly. For the first time agriculture equipment focused more on the design, user comfort in addition to functionality. The new designs were a huge success for John Deere.

66. In 1942 Charles Wilman Deere took an Army Commission as a Colonel during WWII before returning to the company in 1944. Wilman is put in charge of the Farm Equipment and Machinery Division by the War Production Board.

67. During WWII John Deere produces ammunition, military tractors, aircraft parts, cargo and mobile laundry units.

68. In 1945 John Deere workers become unionized as collective bargaining gains movement in America. This practice replaces the 105 year practice of dealing with workers individually.

69. Following WWII John Deere Wiman and President Burton Peek continued to place an emphasis on engineering and product development which catapulted the company to the Top 100 businesses in America in 1955.

70. John Deere started producing diesel engines in 1949.

71. The first John Deere engine produced 51 HP, featured the first power take-off (PTO) with its own clutch and was installed in the Model R tractor.

72. The Model R tractor actually featured two engines. The first engine was a 416 cubic inch diesel engine along with a two stroke gasoline engine. The reason for the dual engines is due to difficulties starting early diesel engines. With the dual design the driver of the tractor could start the engine with a pull of a starting lever instead of manually turning the flywheel. The gas powered engine could also warm up the diesel engine in cold weather climates.

73. The Model R Tractor changed the face of agriculture forever. It was first introduced in 1949 and was in development for over 10 years prior to being introduced to the public.

74. The Model R Tractor originally sold for $3,700 retail.

75. The Model R Tractor was known as a workhorse on large farms as it has the ability to haul up to 6,644 lbs. and could reach a maximum speed of 11.5 mph.

76. The Model R Tractor today can fetch $7,000-$8,000 at auction.

77. In 1953 John Deere launched the Model 70 which was the first John Deere diesel powered crop specific tractor.

78. The first 4 and 6 cylinder diesel engines premiered in the Model 8010 Tractor in 1959. The Model 8010 marked the end of 2 cylinder “two stroke” engine technology for John Deere.

79. The next major line of 4 and 6 cylinder diesel engines were introduced in 1960 in the Model 1010, 2010, 3010 and 4010 tractors. These 4 and 6 cylinder engines ran on gasoline, propane and diesel fuels to fit the various needs of its diverse customer base.

80. The first turbocharged diesel engine was introduced in 1969.

81. The period between 1955-1982 under President William A. Hewitt was one of the most fruitful periods in company history. Operations expanded worldwide and John Deere became the largest manufacturer of agriculture equipment in the world.

82. In 1956 John Deere expanded for the first time outside of the United States when the company purchased a small tractor assembly plant in Mexico.

83. The 1980s was a difficult period for John Deere as the malaise of the country had set in deep. Under President Robert A. Hanson the company learned how to be more flexible and adaptive while facing steep competition from other manufacturers.

84. The last 3 years of the 1980s were extremely profitable once again and the company set gross sales records.

85. The 1990s under President Hans W. Becherer would explode with growth as he, like Hanson, would focus on international expansion. Under his leadership the company would earn record profits. Following in John Deere’s footsteps Becherer would turn his attention back toward philanthropy: putting much needed time and attention back into the re-development of Downtown Moline as well as establishing PGA Events including the TPC at Deere Run and the John Deere Classic PGA Tour Event.

86. In 2000 Mr. Becherer retired and Robert W. Lane took the reins of John Deere. He continues to improve product development and focus on international efforts.

87. The most famous and popular line of John Deere diesel engines is the PowerTech Series first introduced in 1996. The PowerTech Series was first created in response to the EPA Tier Regulations first implemented in 1994. The PowerTech engines were firstly Tier I Compliant.

88. The PowerTech Platform is John Deere’s engineering plan for making emission compliant engines and meeting or exceeding all new EPA Tier Standards.

89. John Deere was the first major manufacturer to comply with Tier IV Compliance with its smaller 75-174 HP engines.

90. John Deere has manufactured over 5,000,000 engines in its history. More than 60% are still in operation.

91. The horsepower range for John Deere engines ranges from 50-600 HP.

92. There are more than 4,500 John Deere dealership locations worldwide.

93. In 1963 John Deere entered the consumer market by first starting to manufacture lawn and garden tractors. As of 2016, John Deere is the largest manufacture of lawn and garden machinery.

94. John Deere has been producing marine engines for more than 35 years ranging from 80-750 HP.

95. In the early 1970s John Deere ramped up production of lawn and garden equipment which sold like hotcakes. In 1991 John Deere created the “Lawn-and-grounds-care equipment division” separating this type of equipment from the “Farm Operations Division”.

96. The John Deere 300 Series was the first ever diesel powered lawn mower which was introduced in 1986. By 1993 lawn and garden equipment sales topped $1 billion in sales for the company.

97. Some of the largest diesel engines John Deere produces currently are in the 9R/9RT/9RX Series of Tractors averaging roughly 570 HP.

98. John Deere engines are manufactured for a variety of applications including: agriculture, marine, forestry, off-highway applications, generators, construction, mining, irrigation pumps and natural gas on-highway over the road applications.

99. John Deere engines are manufactured in 5 different plants worldwide: Waterloo (USA), Torreon (Mexico), Saran (France), Rosario (Argentina) and Pune (India).

100. Over the course of the company history there have been 596 different tractor models.

101. The first industrial tractor rolled out of the Dubuque, Iowa plant in 1958 with the signature yellow paint. All industrial John Deere equipment is painted yellow. All agriculture equipment is painted green.

102. Over the course of the company history there have been 8 different versions of the company logo which feature a leaping deer.

103. The popular slogan “Nothing runs like a Deere” was first introduced in the early 1970s to promote their now defunct line of snowmobiles. The slogan stuck and is still in use today however John Deere got out of the snowmobile business in 1984 selling its supply to Polaris.

104. 1998 was a banner year for John Deere as it hit $1 billion in gross revenue. This was the first time in history that an agriculture equipment company hit that mark. To preface in 1997 $3 billion in sales were accounted by growth in China.

105. In 2007 John Deere is named one of World’s Most Ethical Companies by Ethisphere Magazine.

106. Also in 2007 shareholders approved the two for one split of the company stock increasing the common stock shares to 1,200 million total shares.

107. As of 2016 there have been over 68,000 people worldwide employed by John Deere and introduced new updates to 11 of its lines.

John Deere’s line of products includes basic tractors, tracked tractors, FEL attachments, combines, forged harvesters, cotton pickers, hay and forage bailers, sugar harvesters, tillers, cutter and shredders, scrapers, self-propelled sprayers, gator utility vehicles, planters and seeders, spreaders and aerators, riding mowers, dump trucks, backhoe loaders, compact track loaders, crawler dozers, crawler loaders, excavators, motor graders, scraper systems, skid steers, tractor loaders, waste equipment, wheel loaders, commercial equipment and a full line of John Deere Diesel Engines. The company will continue to grow and be a pioneer in agriculture equipment for years to come.


The History Behind the John Deere Classic

The John Deere Classic is steeped in history, and it's not all related to golf.

Links To History

In 2013, Jordan Spieth made his mark on golf history at TPC Deere Run. The 19-year-old became the youngest player to win a PGA tournament in more than 80 years when he triumphed in a playoff at the Silvis, Ill., golf course. While that achievement may have changed Spieth’s life, it’s one of many important milestones for a piece of land shaped by history.

“There’s a 5,000 year archaeological history here,” said Clair Peterson, chairman of the John Deere Classic, which has been played at TPC Deere Run since 2000. “The land has always been preserved and protected and putting a golf course on it always made a lot of sense.”

Each hole of the course has a unique story, rooted in the history of John Deere – descendants of the company’s founder owned the land for years – and the surrounding community.

A Deere Connection

Records for the land that is now TPC Deere Run date back to 1835, when Erskine Wilson purchased a parcel of land near the Rock River from the U.S. government. Wilson and his family farmed there for decades.

In 1911, the Wilsons sold a parcel of the land to Katherine Butterworth, John Deere’s granddaughter.

Butterworth, and other Deere family members, added to their holding along the Rock River, and acquired nearly 400 acres there by 1960. The land encompassed Friendship Farm, a premiere Arabian horse operation, which later became TPC Deere Run.

The area has such a rich history that according to Peterson, weaving it into the course design was a must. Now, golfers can tackle challenges like “Lincoln’s Crossing” (5 th hole), “Mother Earth” (16 th hole), or “Conquistador” (18 th hole) at TPC Deere Run.

Homage to History

Before the American Civil War, a young lawyer named Abraham Lincoln, found himself in a battle between the railroad and steamboat industries.

In 1856, engineers completed the first rail bridge over the Mississippi River, linking Davenport, Iowa, and Arsenal Island, home to the Rock Island Arsenal military installation. Two weeks later, the steamboat Effie Afton crashed into a pier, setting both the bridge and boat ablaze. In the ensuing legal fight, Lincoln represented the railroads, which ultimately won. The case cleared the way for further rail bridge construction as America pushed west.

Today, the 429-yard par-4 fifth hole at TPC Deere Run is called “Lincoln’s Crossing”. A bridge connects its green with the sixth tee, commemorating the first rail crossing over the Mississippi, and its connection to a future president.

About 80 miles northeast of Moline, the town of Grand Detour, Ill., rests on a bend of the Rock River. French explorers named the settlement after the meandering curve of the waterway.

It was there in 1837 that John Deere fashioned his polished-steel plow, which would help farmers overcome the problems posed by the rich, sticky Midwestern soil. The innovation launched Deere & Company and is immortalized in the first hole of the course.


Out of the Vault Series: 5020 Tractor from 1969

Introduced in 1966, this row-crop tractor was considered the most powerful standard or diesel tractor on the market.

Excerpts from our 1969 tractor video entitled "The Weather-Beater"

A 1969 tractor video helped bring attention to our 140-horsepower 5020 diesel tractor. Some even nicknamed this model “Big Boss”. At the time, the 5020 was the most powerful standard or row-crop diesel tractor on the market. It was first introduced as part of the massive "Power Train '66", our largest agricultural product introduction in company history to date. These excerpts highlight the 5020 tractor.


Early Years

John Deere was born in Rutland, Vermont, on February 7, 1804. His father left for England and disappeared in 1808, and, subsequently, Deere was raised by his mother. He was educated in the public school system and began his storied industrial career as a blacksmith’s apprentice at age 17, setting up his first smithy trade just four years later. He spent the next 12 years keeping busy with his trade in various towns around Vermont.

Facing a tough business environment, in 1837, a 33-year-old Deere packed up and headed west, eventually settling in Grand Detour, Illinois. There, he set up another blacksmith shop. The following year, he sent for his wife, Demarius Lamb, and their five children (they would go on to have four more).


John Deere

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.

John Deere, (born February 7, 1804, Rutland, Vermont, U.S.—died May 17, 1886, Moline, Illinois), pioneer American inventor and manufacturer of agricultural implements.

Apprenticed to a blacksmith at age 17, Deere set up his own smithy trade four years later and, for 12 years, did work in various towns of his native Vermont. In 1837, when 33 years old, he headed west and eventually settled in Grand Detour, Illinois, where he set up a blacksmith’s shop, and sent for his wife and children the following year. He joined in a partnership with Major Leonard Andrus.

In his work, Deere found, through the frequent repairs that he had to make, that the wood and cast-iron plow used in the eastern United States from the 1820s was not suited to the heavy sticky soils of the prairies. He began experimenting, and by 1838 he and his partner had sold three newly fashioned plows. He kept experimenting, producing 10 improved plows in 1839 and 40 new plows in 1840. By 1846 the annual output was about a thousand plows. Deciding that Grand Detour was not well situated in regard to transportation and resources, Deere sold his interest in the shop to Andrus in 1847 and moved to Moline, Illinois. There he began using imported English steel with great success and soon negotiated with Pittsburgh manufacturers for the development of comparable steel plate. By 1857 Deere’s annual output of plows had risen to 10,000.

In 1858 Deere took his son Charles into partnership and in 1863 his son-in-law, Stephen H. Velie. In 1868 the firm was incorporated as Deere & Company. Deere remained president of the company for the rest of his life. Gradually Deere & Company began manufacturing cultivators and other agricultural implements.


John Deere - History

In the 50s and 60s, the John Deere line went from letters to numbers, from two-cylinder "Johnny Poppers" to four- and six-cylinder engines, and from number two to number one in tractor sales.

  • The last of the letter series. As the 50s began, John Deere's tractor catalog featured – from the lowest horsepower ratings to the highest – the "B," the "M," the "A," the "G," the venerable "D" and the new "R." The Model "D" was the granddaddy of the entire line. It had been adapted from the original Waterloo Boy tractor in 1923 and was in continuous production until 1953, selling 160,000 units. The "D" was the top of the line until the Model "R" was introduced in 1949 powered by Deere's first diesel engine. Because the company wasn't sure that the "R" would sell well, they kept the "D" in production well into the 50s.
    To meet the needs of row crop farmers, John Deere had relied on the Models "A" (with 28 HP) and "B" (with 17 HP) from the mid 30s into the 50s. The more powerful row crop Model "G" was added in 1937. The Model "M" was added in 1947 with a hydraulic mechanism.
  • The first numbered series. By 1952, the last vestiges of wartime restrictions were gone and the tractor market had become a highly competitive battle between powerful companies. John Deere decided to abandon their confusing letter system for a numbered system of increasingly more powerful machines. The Model "40" was at the bottom of the line with 23 HP on the drawbar. The "50" had 28 HP, the "60" had 37 HP, the "70" had 45 HP, and in 1955 the "80" was introduced with 62 HP making it Deere's first "five-plow" tractor.
  • The '20s. In 1957, John Deere introduced the "20 Series" tractors, again with more horsepower and more yellow in its paint scheme. The "320" was the bottom on the line for small farmers and its horsepower was never tested. The "420" had 21 HP on the drawbar, the "520" had 26 HP, the "620" had 35 HP, the "720" had 51 HP, and the "820" reached a new record of 70 HP. Prices ranged from $1,885 for the "320" up to $4,850 for the "820" with standard equipment.
  • The 30 Series, the last of the "Johnny Poppers." Throughout its tractor history, John Deere had built two cylinder engines that had a distinctive rhythm and musical sound to them. These were simple engines that could produce remarkable power. Buyers in 1958 didn't know it yet, but the new 30 Series tractors were to be the last two-cylinder series. The series got upgraded power ratings and a host of features for comfort and ease of use. The "330" had 22 HP, the "430" was at 28 HP, the "530" had 35 HP, the "630" had 44 HP, and the "730" had 54 HP. The "830" stayed steady at 70 HP.
  • A new generation of power. In the fall of 1959, John Deere shocked the tractor business when it introduced the huge Model "8010." With a six-cylinder diesel motor purchased by Deere from General Motors, the "8010" produced at least 150 horsepower at the drawbar and could pull eight plows at seven miles per hour. That was three times the number of cylinders in any previous Deere tractor and more than double the horsepower. At more than $30,000, it was also 5½-times more expensive than any previous model, and so probably less than 100 of the "8010/8020" model line sold. But it signaled a new beginning for Deere.
    In 1960, Deere heralded the new decade with a new series, all with either four or six cylinder engines. The "2010" with 39 HP and the "4010" with 72 HP were the first models out. Then, in 1961, the "3010" was marketed with 51 HP and the "1010" with 30 HP. All of these models were priced at about the same level as their predecessors and so were very attractive. For instance, at the bottom of the line, both the old Model "330" and the new "1010" cost around $2,200. But the horsepower went up from 22 to 30 for the same dollars. All of these models had four-cylinder engines except for the "4010" with a six. But even its 72 HP engine wasn't enough for large western wheat farmers. So, in 1963, John Deere rounded out the line with the "5010." It had 106 HP compared the "8020's" 150 HP, but it cost a third less at $10,730.
  • The '020s. By mid-decade, John Deere updated their entire line with more power and features, that this series essentially took them into the 70s. The Model "1020" anchored the bottom of the line at 32 HP, the "2020" had 44 HP, the "3020" had 55 HP, the "4020" had between 75 and 83 HP depending on the model, and the "5020" jumped all the way up to between 114 and 122 HP.

Across these model lines, there were hundred and perhaps thousands of distinct tractors. For instance, almost any model could be outfitted to work in orchards (with special fenders) or in rice paddies (with wider tires). Farmers who needed higher clearances underneath could get tractors that looked like they were built on stilts. And most models – particularly early on – could be bought to run on gasoline, diesel fuel, kerosene, LP gas or distillate.

During this time, Deere and other companies moved their operations worldwide, producing the same line of tractors in plants all across the world.

Throughout this period, John Deere had aggressive research and marketing efforts. When International Harvester experienced problems with their drive trains in the late 1950s, John Deere was able to pass IH. By 1964, John Deere was the number one producer of farm and light industrial equipment in the U.S. with 34 percent of the total market share.

In the same way that International Harvester buyers tended to be fanatical about their machines, John Deere owners could match that loyalty. Dan Stork says that his Dad and uncles all owned Deere tractors. "We were a John Deere family," Dan says. "We just felt that John Deere was the best performing tractor out there, and we had a good relationship with a couple of the local dealers where we were at… We were a John Deere family through and through, not only tractors, but balers, choppers, combines, you name it."

Written by Bill Ganzel, the Ganzel Group. First published in 2006. A partial bibliography of sources is here.


Watch the video: Großeinsatz Maishäckseln 2020 3500 ha Maisernte 20 Claas Traktoren. Häcksler farmer corn harvest