The country of Georgia is known to many as a unique tourist destination. It’s rich culture, vast landscape, and diverse ecosystem makes it a marvel. The location of this country between Western Asia and Eastern Europe makes it a center of linguistic and ethnic diversity. The beauty and rich history of Georgia can only be unraveled by visiting the place. Here is a brief on some important historical facts about Georgia (country).
1. It’s the Birthplace of Winemaking
Wine production in Georgia started as early as 8,000 years ago. This has made the country standout as the cradle of this fantastic beverage. The production of the first wine has an interesting story behind it. It was an accidental discovery that happened when grape juice poured and buried in a shallow pit turned into wine.
This traditional winemaking method, which involves storing wine in a clay jar, has since been listed on the country’s Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.
2. The Locals Call Their Country Sakartvelo
Although the country is known worldwide as Georgia, the locals call it Sakartvelo. This name is derived from two words: Kartveli, which is a name describing the people who live in central Georgia (Karli-Iberia) and sa-o, a circumfix indicating “the place where the Kartveli live.”
Although there is no clear explanation of where the name Georgia came from, there’s a theory explaining that the name might have been derived from Christian reformers who existed in the Middle Ages.
3. It’s Home to the Highest Permanent Settlement in Europe
Bochoma, a village in the Northeastern part of the Tusheti region in Georgia, is the highest inhabited settlement in Europe. It lies at an altitude of 2345 meters above sea level, surpassing the previous highest settlement in Georgia and Europe, Ushguli. Ushguli lies 2100 meters above sea level. Bochoma and Ushguli are mountainous regions that experience snowy and breezy winter. The summer is very short.
4. Georgia Is Home to Some of the Oldest European Cities
This vast country has two of its cities, Mtskheta and Kutaisi, listed among the 16 oldest cities in Europe. These two cities are former capitals of Georgia. Kutaisi was the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Colchis, which existed in the second millennium BC. Mtskheta is not as old as Kutaisi; it was discovered around 3,000 years ago.
5. Georgia Is Among the Most Ecologically Diverse Countries
This country boasts of 12 different climate zones that include alpine, semi-desert, and subtropical, among others. It also has 49 soil types, making it rank among the most ecologically diverse places in the world. Its rich nature includes many animals residing in its dense forests. Some of the animals include lynxes, bears, and leopards.
6. The Religion
Georgia adopted Christianity as the national religion as early as 326 AD; it was the second country to adopt Christianity in the world. Most Georgians are Eastern Orthodox Christians, but the country also respects other religions. There are Muslims, Armenian Apostolics, and Catholics living peacefully in the country. The country encourages religious diversity and accommodates everyone.
There’s a wide variety of holy places in Georgia; these include the isolated Gergeti Trinity Church and the Vardzia Monastery caves. Travelers can also visit Svetitskhoveli Cathedral, which dates back to the 4th Century.
7. Only Georgians Speak the Georgian Language
The Georgian language has its own alphabet and is ranked among the 14 unique languages in the world. Although it’s not known when the Georgian script emerged, it’s believed to be among the oldest languages in the world. This language has evolved from Asomtavruli to Nushkhakhutsuri to Mkhedruli. Mkhedruli has 33 letters and is what Georgians use today.
Georgia has a rich and exciting history. A visit to this great country will give you first-hand experience of its diversity and unique culture.
Historical Attractions in Georgia
Georgia was the 13th American colony, founded in 1733 by James Oglethorpe. Georgia is home to many universities, popular sports teams and exciting attractions, including the world's largest aquarium. The state's beautiful rural landscapes and vibrant city life are also combined with a rich historical legacy, and historic parks, buildings, museums and cities can be found throughout the state.
The capital of Georgia is a very upcoming travel destination and probably one of the most popular places to visit in the Caucasus. The liberal politics compared to the surrounding countries attract a lot of Western tourists and also digital nomads like me. Georgia is a flourishing country trying to get rid of the old Soviet Union image many people still have. Tbilisi tourism is doing all they can to show off that they are a modern place to visit in the Caucasus. In this Tbilisi travel guide I will give you all the info you need to know to make the most of your trip.
Waycross Local History
Waycross began as a crossroads for southeastern travel. It was first a hub for stagecoach traffic, and then became a center for the railroad when it laid its tracks in the mid 1800′s. As the Plant System Railroad started to grow, so did the town surrounding it. Streets were placed in the pattern of the Maltese Cross which was part of the Plant System Railroad’s logo, and a new city was born.
When you compare the current Phoenix building (above) with the 1920’s post card you’ll see the renovation has kept the character of Waycross.
Our Contact Details
For more Information contact:
Waycross Convention & Visitors Bureau Authority located at:
417 Pendleton Street,
Waycross, Georgia 31501
e. [email protected]
Additional Info & Links
It is said that someone traveling with the Railroad gave Waycross its name, because he stated that this was “where the ways crossed”, others will claim that Waycross was so named because it was “the way of the cross”, due to numerous churches being built here in those days. However, the railroad still plays an important role in the survival of this city. It is the number one employer for the county. It is also the largest CSX computerized rail yard on the East Coast, which means that Waycross is still the center of all rail traffic coming through the southeast area.
The Historic Passenger Rail Depot was built in the early 1900′s to replace the original depot that was destroyed by fire after a train derailment. This building was restored in 1998 to house the Waycross Tourism Bureau and Visitor Center, the Waycross-Ware County Chamber of Commerce, and other local offices, which are still there today. Other parts of the Historic Downtown area are also being refurbished.
The Railway Express Agency (REA) building was restored in 2001 as a 400-seat banquet and reception hall, and one of the oldest hotels in Waycross, The Phoenix Hotel, has currently undergone a $7.4 million dollar renovation to become corporate offices for a local company and new store fronts.
Besides the Railroad, Waycross has a few other claims to fame. It is the north entrance to Okefenokee Swamp, a 450,000 acre National Wildlife Refuge that has a one-of-a-kind ecosystem, found nowhere else in the world. Waycross was also home to “The Green Frog” restaurant, which was built here in the 1930′s by the Darden brothers, who went on to open a famous chain of restaurants called “Red Lobster.” Other historical facts about Waycross include being the child-hood home of Pernell Roberts, Gram Parsons, and Ozzie Davis, the birthplace of Bert Reynolds, and home to two of the largest frozen food industries in the country.
Waycross/Ware County is now home to over 35,000 residents and growing. It is a place of business and industrial development and southern hospitality. Visitors can enjoy learning more about the history of area by stopping at the Visitor Center to pick up a Historic Walking Tour Booklet and taking a stroll through Downtown, or they can visit our two museums to learn more about the pioneer, Native American, and environmental history of the area.
Pre-Civil War Savannah was praised as the most picturesque and serene city in America. It was known for its grand oaks festooned with Spanish moss and its genteel citizenry. The Georgia Historical Society was founded in that era. Magnificent Forsyth Park acquired its ornate fountain, a sight worth seeing.
During the Civil War, the city suffered from sea blockades so strict that the economy crumbled. "Impregnable" Fort Pulaski at the mouth of the Savannah River was captured by Union soldiers in 1862. The city itself did not fall until Union General William Tecumseh Sherman entered in mid-December after burning the city of Atlanta and everything else in his path on his "March to the Sea." Upon entering Savannah, Sherman was said to be so impressed by its beauty that he could not destroy it. On December 22, 1864, he sent a famous telegram to President Abraham Lincoln, offering the city as a Christmas present.
Your Guide to Georgia by a Local Travel Expert
Is Georgia Worth Visiting?
With so many potential holiday destinations around the world, why choose Georgia, a tiny and seemingly obscure country in the South Caucasus?
Georgia is a Land of Contrasts
Georgia&rsquos long and spectacular past has set the backdrop for diverse sceneries that banish boredom and spoil visitors with a rich variety of destinations. Attentive travelers will find traces of mythical Argonauts and early Christians mingling with the echo of tragic conquerors which resonate within the walls of ruined castles. Subtle Art Nouveau blends with massive Soviet blocks, while medieval churches hide in the shadow of futuristic skyscrapers. In Georgia, unexpected wonders await you around every corner!
Georgia is Affordable and Accessible
Thanks to its rapidly developing tourist infrastructure, organizing your Georgia travel experience can be simple and straightforward. The country is connected with multiple major cities around the world via daily flights, many of which are run by budget airlines such as Wizzair and Ryanair.
Renowned for its hospitality, Georgia welcomes organized tours and independent explorers alike. Guided group and private trips cost a fraction of equivalent tours in Western Europe and North America, and with inexpensive food and accommodation available in every city, the country is able to host even the thriftiest of travelers.
Georgia is a Gateway to the South Caucasus
Why limit your travel experience to Georgia alone? The country borders two other fascinating lands, Armenia and Azerbaijan, and together the three countries form a popular trio of destinations for tourists.
Armenia was the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as a state religion, and today this ancient land lures visitors with rugged mountains, obscure monasteries and centuries-old customs. In contrast, Azerbaijan delivers oriental charm via ruined caravanserais, sky-piercing minarets and the impressive modernity of Baku&rsquos skyscrapers. Although Armenia and Azerbaijan remain at odds with one another, accessing them through Georgia allows you to explore both states with ease. Check out our Caucasus Multi-Country Tours for three-country itineraries. If you prefer to visit only one of Georgia&rsquos neighbors, try one of our Combined Georgia and Armenia Tours or Combined Georgia and Azerbaijan Tours.
Georgia Remains Off the Beaten Track
Compared to Europe or Southeast Asia, the South Caucasus is still terra incognita. Remote villages, isolated trekking routes and unspoiled nature await curious visitors. Yet a beauty like this does not remain undiscovered for long. In fact, in 2018 Georgia ranked fourth on the United Nations World Tourism Organization&rsquos list of the fastest-growing tourism destinations, which is all the more reason to visit this marvelous land before you have to share it with other vacationers!
Your Dream Vacation
Explore ancient cave towns, step inside the ruins of Zoroastrian temples or amble along robust walls of historic convents. Design your tour around Georgia&rsquos splendid vineyards and local delicacies, or provide an outlet for your adventurous spirit with hiking, rafting and winter ski tours.
At Advantour, we create our Georgia tourism packages to suit even the most selective of our clients. Historical tours, outdoor adventures, cultural immersion, multi-country expeditions - we have it all. And if you cannot find what you are looking for among our pre-arranged tours, drop us a note and we will gladly design a tailor-made Georgia travel itinerary just for you.
Reasons to Visit Atlanta History Center
- The Atlanta History Center features 33 acres of gardens, wildlife trails, and woodland areas.
- Throughout the year, the museum brings history to life through living history programs, lectures with award-winning authors, toddler programs, homeschool days, school tours, summer camps, music series, annual festivals such as Sheep to Shawl, and much more.
- The Swan House at the Atlanta History Center was one of many Georgia set locations used during the filming of the movie The Hunger Games: Catching Fire. The Capitol Tour experience includes a guided tour through Swan House showcasing the rooms that were used during filming.
- Cyclorama: The Big Picture at the Atlanta History Center is one of only two cycloramas in the United States, making Atlanta home to one of America’s largest historic treasures.
- The Atlanta History Center offers exhibitions on the Civil War, African American heritage, and Southern folk art, with a wing dedicated to the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games.
- Atlanta History Center also operates the Margaret Mitchell House. Located in Midtown, the two-acre campus features tours of the apartment where Margaret Mitchell wrote her Pulitzer Prize-winning novel Gone With the Wind, an exhibit highlighting the life and times of Margaret Mitchell, a Gone with the Wind movie exhibit, and a gift shop.
Explore More of Madison’s African American Heritage
In the afternoon, take time to discover the historic tales of Madison’s African American residents.
Located in Madison’s historic district, the Morgan County African American Museum’s mission is to research, collect, educate, and preserve the history and art of local African American culture. The museum operates out of what was the home of John Wesley Moore, an African American man born in the last years of slavery.
Learn his story through his home and the farm tools he would have used as well enjoy exhibitions sharing the art and accomplishments of several local heroes.
6: Okefenokee Swamp
Experience all the wonders of nature with North America’s largest blackwater swamp! Covering a massive 438,000 acres the Okefenokee Swamp is no short feat. It is also the northern entryway into the Okefenokee National wildlife Refuge.
This particular part of Georgia is known for massive stretches of land dedicated to the best in preserves and reservations. Here you can really embrace the wild world of nature from the water all the way to what lives in it. Keep in mind: swamps are a popular location for alligators, so always keep an eye out!
The Okefenokee Swamp Park is open from 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. every day. For admission, rates vary based on age. For adults (12 and up) admission is $17, for children (3-11), seniors (62 and up), and active military members (ID required) it is $16. Children 2 and under are free.
Also, be sure to check with the official website for an insider look at boat tours, packages, and even a discount coupon or two.
Tours are a great idea to see it all as guides will know what to point out, what to watch for, and how to stay safe in this gigantic wildlife oasis. Guides will also be able to identify any animals, answer questions, and recommend a couple of paths to explore.
Address: 5700 Okefenokee Swamp Park Rd, Waycross, GA 31503
Located seventeen miles southwest of Rome, the scenic village of Cave Spring contains over ninety structures listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Keep reading to learn more about the history of the Civil War in Cave Spring, Ga.
In October of 1864, after the fall of Atlanta, Cave Spring was the headquarters of the Confederate Army of Tennessee. It was here that General John Bell Hood met with General Beauregard to discuss future plans. The result of this meeting was the disastrous campaign that sealed the fate of the Southern Confederacy on the bloodstained fields of Franklin and Nashville, Tennessee.
Fannin Hall, the original administration building of the Georgia School for the Deaf, was used as a hospital and it was here that Missouri boys of the famous “Orphan Brigade” were treated following the battle at Allatoona Pass. Ironically, many of these were the same soldiers that defended Fort Attaway in the action at Howe’s Hill just a few months before.
Located near Cave Spring, Chubbtown is a notable community that was founded by free blacks before the Civil War.