The Ultimate Guide to Writing Ultimate Guides
The name of this post made you click on it, didn’t it?
“Ultimate guide” has become an Internet buzzword over the past few years as people search for ways to bring in traffic, boost their site’s credibility and add quality content to their web sites. Anytime you see the words “ultimate guide,” you can bet there’s a ton of research behind the story, as well as a writer with very tired typing fingers.
You don’t have to be an expert in your chosen subject area to write an ultimate guide. But you do have to have an expert-level understanding of what makes a great ultimate guide to undertake this type of post. (Click to tweet this idea).
Here’s a primer on all you need to know and what you need to cover when writing your next ultimate guide.
March Madness history - The ultimate guide
Here is a comprehensive guide to the NCAA tournament and its history, for college basketball fans of every level.
- The first NCAA Division I men's basketball tournament was played in 1939.
- It had eight teams.
- Oregon is the first NCAA tournament champion, beating Ohio State for the title.
- An opening-round game was introduced in 2001. Three more games were added to that round in 2011 for the inaugural First Four.
- It was initially scheduled to run after Super Bowl XXI but the game coverage ran long.
- The NIT field is now usually made up of teams that miss the NCAA tournament.
- The 2001 Blue Devils stormed back to beat Maryland after being down 22 points while Duke’s 1989 team lost despite leading Seton Hall by 18.
When did March Madness start?
The first NCAA Division I men’s basketball tournament was in 1939.
Who won the first March Madness?
In 1939, the Oregon Ducks went 29-5 on the season and beat Ohio State 46-33 to win the national title in the first NCAA tournament.
When did March madness expand to 64 teams?
The 1939 tournament featured just eight teams. In 1951, the field doubled to 16, and kept expanding over the next few decades until 1985, when the modern format of a 64-team tournament began. In 2001, after the Mountain West Conference joined Division I and received an automatic bid, pushing the total teams to 65, a single game was added prior to the first round. In 2011, three more teams were added, and with them, three more games to round out the First Four.
Where did the phrase “March Madness” come from?
March Madness was first used to refer to basketball by an Illinois high school official, Henry V. Porter, in 1939, but the term didn’t find its way to the NCAA tournament until CBS broadcaster Brent Musburger (who used to be a sportswriter in Chicago) used it during coverage of the 1982 tournament. The term has been synonymous with the NCAA Division I men’s basketball tournament ever since.
What is One Shining Moment?
One Shining Moment is the anthem of March Madness. The song was written by David Barrett in 1986, and first used for the NCAA men’s basketball tournament in 1987. After each tournament, the song accompanies a montage of the best moments of March Madness, from every buzzer beater and major upset to reactions of the fans themselves.
Barrett wrote the song as an ode to basketball, but it was first scheduled to run after Super Bowl XXI. After the coverage of the game ran long, the song never aired for the Super Bowl, but CBS producer Doug Towey used it in the following March Madness, where it has lived ever since.
Is the NIT part of March Madness?
No. While the National Invitation Tournament (or NIT), is operated by the NCAA, it is separate from the Division I men's basketball tournament. The NIT was actually founded before the NCAA tournament, in 1938, but did not become as popular as the NCAA tournament. The NIT's field is usually made up of the top Division I teams that did not receive an invitation to the NCAA tournament.
What is the biggest upset in March Madness history?
This one isn't close. That'd be 16-seed UMBC's 74-54 win over 1-seed Virginia in the 2018 NCAA tournament. It was the first time in the history of the tournament that a 16 seed beat a 1 seed, after the 1 seeds were a perfect 135-0 through college basketball history. Hard to find a bigger underdog than that.
The 16-seed upset was seen as virtually impossible, and not only did UMBC pull it off against the top overall seed of the tournament, the game wasn't even close, with a final margin of 20 points. That'll get you to the top of the list of March Madness upsets.
What is the biggest March Madness comeback?
With 6:37 left in the first half of a 2001 NCAA tournament game, Duke trailed Maryland 39-17. The Blue Devils would rally to win 94-84. That 22 point comeback is the largest in the history of the tournament.
Strangely enough, Duke is on the other side of the runner-up, as the Blue Devils blew a 18-point first-half lead against Seton Hall in 1989, as the Pirates eventually won 95-78.
Who has scored the most points in March?
Christian Laettner is the player who has scored the most points in an NCAA tournament career, with 407. From 1989 to 1992, Laettner played in an unprecedented 23 NCAAT games (reminder, one team can only play six games per year if they make it to the title game, i.e. 24 total throughout a four-year period), while averaging 17.7 points per game.
Only nine players have eclipsed the 300-point mark during NCAA tournament play:
Points Player Team Years Games PPG 407 Christian Laettner Duke 1989-92 23 17.7 358 Elvin Hayes Houston 1966-68 13 27.5 328 Danny Manning Kansas 1985-88 16 20.5 325 Tyler Hansbrough North Carolina 2006-09 17 19.1 324 Oscar Robertson Cincinnati 1958-60 10 32.4 308 Glen Rice Michigan 1986-89 13 23.7 304 Lew Alcindor UCLA 1967-69 12 25.3 303 Bill Bradley Princeton 1963-65 9 33.7 303 Corliss Williamson Arkansas 1993-95 15 20.2
Oscar Robertson's entry on that list is especially impressive, as Robertson played less than half the games that Laettner did, but finished with 80 percent of Laettner's point total.
What is the highest scoring March Madness game ever?
The highest scoring game in NCAA tournament history came on March 18, 1990, when Loyola Marymount beat Michigan by a final score of 149-115 to total 264 points. That score is miles ahead of the second place total of 234, also set by Loyola Marymount.
Here is the full leaderboard:
Points Winning team Score Losing team Score Year 264 Loyola Marymount 149 Michigan 115 1990 234 Loyola Marymount 119 Wyoming 115 1988 232 UNLV 131 Loyola Marymount 110 1990 227 Iowa 121 Notre Dame 106 1970 225 Houston 119 Notre Dame 106 1971 223 (OT) Arizona 114 UNLV 109 1976 221 Arkansas 120 Loyola Marymount 101 1989 220 North Carolina 123 Loyola Marymount 97 1988 216 UNLV 121 San Francisco 95 1977 216 (2OT) West Virginia 111 Wake Forest 105 2005
Who scored the most points in a March Madness game?
Notre Dame's Austin Carr holds the record for the most points in an NCAA tournament game, with 61 against Ohio in 1970. Carr was a machine for the Fighting Irish and owns three of the top five single-game NCAA tournament scoring performances.
To get an idea of how impressive his performance was, we rewatched that game to see how Carr scored every one of his record-setting 61 points.
Here is the list of the top 10 single-game scoring performances:
Points Player Team Opponent Year 61 Austin Carr Notre Dame Ohio 1970 58 Bill Bradley Princeton Wichita State 1965 56 Oscar Robertson Cincinnati Arkansas 1958 52 Austin Carr Notre Dame Kentucky 1970 52 Austin Carr Notre Dame TCU 1971 50 David Robinson Navy Michigan 1987 49 Elvin Hayes Houston Loyola Chicago 1968 48 Hal Lear Temple SMU 1956 47 Austin Carr Notre Dame Houston 1971 46 Dave Corzine DePaul Louisville 1978
What team has the most NCAA tournament appearances?
There have been 80 NCAA tournaments since 1939, and there are five schools that have been to more than half of them. Kentucky has the most NCAA tournament appearances with 57, followed by North Carolina with 49.
Here is the full list of the top 10 teams:
Appearances Team First appearance Most recent appearance 58 Kentucky 1942 2019 50 North Carolina 1941 2019 48 Kansas 1940 2019 47 UCLA 1950 2018 43 Duke 1955 2019 39 Indiana 1940 2016 39 Louisville 1951 2019 38 Syracuse 1957 2019 38 Villanova 1942 2019 36 Notre Dame 1953 2017
Which team has the most NCAA tournament wins?
Again, it's Kentucky leading the way. The Wildcats have 129 NCAA tournament wins, for an average of 2.2 wins per appearance. The Tar Heels are right behind with 126 wins, or 2.5 per appearance.
Wins Team 129 Kentucky 126 North Carolina 114 Duke 108 Kansas 101 UCLA 69 Michigan State 66 Indiana 64 Syracuse 61 Louisville 61 Villanova
Who has the most NCAA tournament championships?
In the 81 years since the tournament’s inception, 36 different teams have won a championship, but no team has won more than UCLA, which has 11, 10 of which came a span of 12 years from 1964 to 1975.
Here are all the teams with three or more titles:
Team Championships Years UCLA 11 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1995 Kentucky 8 1948, 1949, 1951, 1958, 1978, 1996, 1998, 2012 North Carolina 6 1957, 1982, 1993, 2005, 2009, 2017 Duke 5 1991, 1992, 2001, 2010, 2015 Indiana 5 1940, 1953, 1976, 1981, 1987 Connecticut 4 1999, 2004, 2011, 2014 Kansas 3 1952, 1988, 2008 Villanova 3 1985, 2016, 2018
Which head coach has the most NCAA tournament wins?
That would be Duke coach Mike Krzyzewski, who picked up win number 97 in the 2019 tournament. That's 18 wins ahead of the second-place coach — North Carolina's Roy Williams.
Here is the leaderboard of coaches by tournament wins:
Win total Coach School(s) Years 97 Mike Krzyzewski Duke 1984-present 79 Roy Williams Kansas & North Carolina 1990-present 65 Dean Smith North Carolina 1967-97 55 Jim Boeheim Syracuse 1977-present 52 Tom Izzo Michigan State 1998-present 49 Jim Calhoun Northeastern & UConn 1981-2012 48 Bill Self Tulsa, Illinois, & Kansas 1999-present 47 John Wooden UCLA 1950-75 46 Lute Olson Iowa & Arizona 1979-2007 45 Bob Knight Indiana & Texas Tech 1973-2007
Who has won every NCAA tournament?
Here is the list of every men’s basketball national championship since the NCAA tournament first started in 1939:
YEAR CHAMPION (RECORD) COACH SCORE RUNNER-UP SITE 2019 Virginia (35-3) Tony Bennett 85-77 (OT) Texas Tech Minneapolis, Minn. 2018 Villanova (36-4) Jay Wright 79-62 Michigan San Antonio, Tex. 2017 North Carolina (33-7) Roy Williams 71-65 Gonzaga Phoenix, Ariz. 2016 Villanova (35-5) Jay Wright 77-74 North Carolina Houston, Texas 2015 Duke (35-4) Mike Krzyzewski 68-63 Wisconsin Indianapolis, Ind. 2014 Connecticut (32-8) Kevin Ollie 60-54 Kentucky Arlington, Texas 2013 Louisville (35-5)* Rick Pitino 82-76 Michigan Atlanta, Ga. 2012 Kentucky (38-2) John Calipari 67-59 Kansas New Orleans, La. 2011 Connecticut (32-9) Jim Calhoun 53-41 Butler Houston, Texas 2010 Duke (35-5) Mike Krzyzewski 61-59 Butler Indianapolis, Ind. 2009 North Carolina (34-4) Roy Williams 89-72 Michigan State Detroit, Mich. 2008 Kansas (37-3) Bill Self 75-68 (OT) Memphis San Antonio, Texas 2007 Florida (35-5) Billy Donovan 84-75 Ohio State Atlanta, Ga. 2006 Florida (33-6) Billy Donovan 73-57 UCLA Indianapolis, Ind. 2005 North Carolina (33-4) Roy Williams 75-70 Illinois St. Louis, Mo. 2004 Connecticut (33-6) Jim Calhoun 82-73 Georgia Tech San Antonio, Texas 2003 Syracuse (30-5) Jim Boeheim 81-78 Kansas New Orleans, La. 2002 Maryland (32-4) Gary Williams 64-52 Indiana Atlanta, Ga. 2001 Duke (35-4) Mike Krzyzewski 82-72 Arizona Minneapolis, Minn. 2000 Michigan State (32-7) Tom Izzo 89-76 Florida Indianapolis, Ind. 1999 Connecticut (34-2) Jim Calhoun 77-74 Duke St. Petersburg, Fla. 1998 Kentucky (35-4) Tubby Smith 78-69 Utah San Antonio, Texas 1997 Arizona (25-9) Lute Olson 84-79 (OT) Kentucky Indianapolis, Ind. 1996 Kentucky (34-2) Rick Pitino 76-67 Syracuse East Rutherford, N.J. 1995 UCLA (31-2) Jim Harrick 89-78 Arkansas Seattle, Wash. 1994 Arkansas (31-3) Nolan Richardson 76-72 Duke Charlotte, N.C. 1993 North Carolina (34-4) Dean Smith 77-71 Michigan New Orleans, La. 1992 Duke (34-2) Mike Krzyzewski 71-51 Michigan Minneapolis, Minn. 1991 Duke (32-7) Mike Krzyzewski 72-65 Kansas Indianapolis, Ind. 1990 UNLV (35-5) Jerry Tarkanian 103-73 Duke Denver, Colo. 1989 Michigan (30-7) Steve Fisher 80-79 (OT) Seton Hall Seattle, Wash. 1988 Kansas (27-11) Larry Brown 83-79 Oklahoma Kansas City, Mo. 1987 Indiana (30-4) Bob Knight 74-73 Syracuse New Orleans, La. 1986 Louisville (32-7) Denny Crum 72-69 Duke Dallas, Texas 1985 Villanova (25-10) Rollie Massimino 66-64 Georgetown Lexington, Ky, 1984 Georgetown (34-3) John Thompson 84-75 Houston Seattle, Wash. 1983 North Carolina State (26-10) Jim Valvano 54-52 Houston Albuquerque, N.M. 1982 North Carolina (32-2) Dean Smith 63-62 Georgetown New Orleans, La. 1981 Indiana (26-9) Bob Knight 63-50 North Carolina Philadelphia, Pa. 1980 Louisville (33-3) Denny Crum 59-54 UCLA Indianapolis, Ind. 1979 Michigan State (26-6) Jud Heathcote 75-64 Indiana State Salt Lake City, Utah 1978 Kentucky (30-2) Joe Hall 94-88 Duke St. Louis, Mo. 1977 Marquette (25-7) Al McGuire 67-59 North Carolina Atlanta, Ga. 1976 Indiana (32-0) Bob Knight 86-68 Michigan Philadelphia, Pa. 1975 UCLA (28-3) John Wooden 92-85 Kentucky San Diego, Calif. 1974 North Carolina State (30-1) Norm Sloan 76-64 Marquette Greensboro, N.C. 1973 UCLA (30-0) John Wooden 87-66 Memphis State St. Louis, Mo. 1972 UCLA (30-0) John Wooden 81-76 Florida State Los Angeles, Calif. 1971 UCLA (29-1) John Wooden 68-62 Villanova Houston, Texas 1970 UCLA (28-2) John Wooden 80-69 Jacksonville College Park, Md. 1969 UCLA (29-1) John Wooden 92-72 Purdue Louisville, Ky. 1968 UCLA (29-1) John Wooden 78-55 North Carolina Los Angeles, Calif. 1967 UCLA (30-0) John Wooden 79-64 Dayton Louisville, Ky. 1966 UTEP (28-1) Don Haskins 72-65 Kentucky College Park, Md. 1965 UCLA (28-2) John Wooden 91-80 Michigan Portland, Ore. 1964 UCLA (30-0) John Wooden 98-83 Duke Kansas City, Mo. 1963 Loyola (Ill.) (29-2) George Ireland 60-58 (OT) Cincinnati Louisville, Ky. 1962 Cincinnati (29-2) Ed Jucker 71-59 Ohio State Louisville, Ky. 1961 Cincinnati (27-3) Ed Jucker 70-65 (OT) Ohio State Kansas City, Mo. 1960 Ohio State (25-3) Fred Taylor 75-55 California Daly City, Calif. 1959 California (25-4) Pete Newell 71-70 West Virginia Louisville, Ky. 1958 Kentucky (23-6) Adolph Rupp 84-72 Seattle Louisville, Ky. 1957 North Carolina (32-0) Frank McGuire 54-53 (3OT) Kansas Kansas City, Mo. 1956 San Francisco (29-0) Phil Woolpert 83-71 Iowa Evanston, Ill. 1955 San Francisco (28-1) Phil Woolpert 77-63 LaSalle Kansas City, Mo. 1954 La Salle (26-4) Ken Loeffler 92-76 Bradley Kansas City, Mo. 1953 Indiana (23-3) Branch McCracken 69-68 Kansas Kansas City, Mo. 1952 Kansas (28-3) Phog Allen 80-63 St. John's Seattle, Wash. 1951 Kentucky (32-2) Adolph Rupp 68-58 Kansas State Minneapolis, Minn. 1950 CCNY (24-5) Nat Holman 71-68 Bradley New York, N.Y. 1949 Kentucky (32-2) Adolph Rupp 46-36 Oklahoma A&M Seattle, Wash. 1948 Kentucky (36-3) Adolph Rupp 58-42 Baylor New York, N.Y. 1947 Holy Cross (27-3) Doggie Julian 58-47 Oklahoma New York, N.Y. 1946 Oklahoma State (31-2) Henry Iba 43-40 North Carolina New York, N.Y. 1945 Oklahoma State (27-4) Henry Iba 49-45 NYU New York, N.Y. 1944 Utah (21-4) Vadal Peterson 42-40 (OT) Dartmouth New York, N.Y. 1943 Wyoming (31-2) Everett Shelton 46-34 Georgetown New York, N.Y. 1942 Stanford (28-4) Everett Dean 53-38 Dartmouth Kansas City, Mo. 1941 Wisconsin (20-3) Bud Foster 39-34 Washington State Kansas City, Mo. 1940 Indiana (20-3) Branch McCracken 60-42 Kansas Kansas City, Mo. 1939 Oregon (29-5) Howard Hobson 46-33 Ohio State Evanston, Ill.
*Louisville’s participation in the 2013 tournament was later vacated by the Committee on Infractions.
How can I find more March Madness records?
You can find the most recent March Madness record books on NCAA.org. The Final Four record books are here and the NCAA men's basketball records are here.
Daniel Wilco has worked at the AJC, Sports Illustrated, and SEC Country. His writing has also appeared on SI.com, Men’s Health, and The Cauldron.
The views on this page do not necessarily reflect the views of the NCAA or its member institutions.
Ultimate Guide to Kiyomizu-dera - History
Over 1200 years have passed since the foundation of Kiyomizu-dera Temple. Halfway up Mt. Otowa,
one of the peaks in Kyoto’s Higashiyama mountain range, stands the temple, to which large numbers of visitors
come to pay their respects to Kannon, a deity of great mercy and compassion. For this reason, our temple is
known as a “Kannon Reijo.” “Reijo” is a Japanese word meaning a “holy place”
with which the Kannon’s compassion is abundant.
The figure of Kannon embodies your thankful hearts—feelings of gratitude for coming into this world,
your tranquil daily lives, and your loved ones, friends, and acquaintances who are always there beside you.
In other words, worshiping Kannon means taking a hard look at your true self.
Live your day-to-day lives, expressing your gratitude.
And find the Kannon’s compassion in your everyday deeds.
We at Kiyomizu-dera Temple, along with the deity Kannon, wish for the happiness of all people across in the world.
When you visit the temple, simply put your hands together when in front of the statue of Kannon
and offer a prayer of thanksgiving.
Feel Kiyomizu, with hands-on tours A Kiyomizu priest guides international sightseers on a special tour of the grounds. He shows them around and takes them to visit several traditional buildings and historic spots, all the while explaining the teachings of the deity Kannon. We’re sure that you will discover new wonders of Kiyomizu-dera Temple as you hear the traditional stories of the temple’s origin and history that have been handed down over generations.
Do you want an Oncology Cheat Sheet?
It's got all you need to know for the NAPLEX. It's a great way to prepare for an APPE rotation. Keep it on hand when you're practicing and you'll know what to monitor.
It packs a ton of information in a single page. Dose limiting toxicities, renal and hepatic dosage adjustments, emetogenic potential, likelihood of hair loss, infusion reactions, and much more.
Disney Dollar Complete Collection List
Looking for a list of all Disney Dollars? Want to keep track of your own collection. Get this handy, ready-made spreadsheet (Excel, Apple Numbers and PDF Versions All Included)
The Disney Dollar Collection list includes every Disney Dollar ever produced in release date order with information on Year (1987-2014), Series (eg. AA) , Denomination (eg. $10), Note Front and Reverse Images. Also, keep track of where and when you got it.
Best Ways to Study for the AP European History Exam
Step 1: Assess Your Skills
Take a practice test to assess your initial knowledge of the material. The College Board AP European History website provides a number of sample test questions and exam tips, and it also has a practice AP European History exam available. There are numerous other free practice tests offered on the web for example, Varsity Tutors has a multitude of free AP European History Diagnostic Tests on their website. High School Test Prep also hosts a handful of free AP European History tests on their website.
Step 2: Study the Material
The AP European History exam tests your knowledge of significant events, individuals, developments, and processes in European history in four historical periods from 1450 to present.
Learn to Think Like a Historian: You’ll need to learn the thinking skills and methods used by historians to study the past. These include analyzing primary and secondary sources, making historical comparisons, chronological reasoning, and argumentation.
Go to the Source: The College Board provides a series of useful videos that give an overview of curricular framework and exam format. You should also review the College Board’s Exam Tips .
Ask an Expert: For a more specific idea of where to focus your studying, you should consider using an updated formal study guide. Both the Princeton Review’s Cracking the AP European History Exam, 2020 Edition: Proven Techniques to Help You Score a 5 and Barron’s AP European History, 8th Edition are effective and popular resources. Of these, Barron’s is regarded as the stronger option for long-term studying of the material, while the Princeton Review is often regarded as a better option for test practice (though some users say that its practice tests in the past have been more difficult than the actual AP exam).
There are also a number of free study resources available online. Many AP teachers have posted complete study guides—such as this AP European History study guide from Mrs. Newmark , a teacher at the Raleigh Charter High School in Raleigh, North Carolina—review sheets, and test questions.
Try using a study app: Finally, another convenient way to study is to use one of the recently-developed apps for AP exams. These can be free or cost a small fee, and are an easy way to quiz yourself on-the-go. Make sure you read reviews before choosing one—their quality varies widely. Varsity Tutors also offers a free app to help you study for the AP Euro exam .
Step 3: Practice Multiple-Choice Questions
Once you have your theory down, test it out by practicing multiple-choice questions. You can find these in most study guides or through online searches. You could also try taking the multiple-choice section of another practice exam.
The College Board Course Description includes many practice multiple-choice questions along with explanations of their answers. There are also many practice questions available in any commercial study guide. As you go through these, try to keep track of which areas are still tripping you up, and go back over this theory again. Focus on understanding what each question is asking and keep a running list of any concepts that are still unfamiliar.
Step 4: Practice Free-Response Questions
The AP European History exam is different from many AP exams in that it consists of five free-response questions of varying length and content. To be successful in these sections, you should know what to expect from each question. If you are already familiar with the free-response portions of the AP U.S. History or AP World History exams, you will find these similar in format.
Short Answer: The first four free-response questions are considered “short answer” and you will be allowed 40 minutes to complete them all. These questions tend to have multiple parts, with each being very specific and limited in scope. In this section, you will have an opportunity to explain the historical examples you know best. You will probably be asked to interpret a graph or figure, compare and contrast the effects of different cultural approaches from specific time periods, or list distinct precipitating factors of significant historical events. You should be able to answer each part of these questions in a short, succinct paragraph.
Document-Based Question : The second free-response section is a document-based question and you will have one hour to complete it. This one question alone is worth 25% of your total exam score. To master it, you need to carefully read the question, practice active reading skills while reviewing the documents, and make a strong outline before you begin to write. In this section, you will assess written, quantitative, or visual materials as historical evidence. Be sure to completely review the outline of requirements provided before the prompt, and check them off as you are outlining and writing your response.
- Scoring: It’s also beneficial to understand the rubric used to score document-based questions before formulating answers. Document-based questions are scored on a scale of 0 to 7, with points awarded for: Thesis/Claim (0 to 1 point), Contextualization (0 to 1 point), Evidence (0 to 3 points), and Analysis/Reasoning (0 to 2 points).
Long Essay: The last free-response section is a long-essay response, which you will have 40 minutes to complete. It is worth 15% of your total exam score. This section gives you the choice of three separate prompts—remember that you only need to answer one of them! As in the document-based question above, you will be provided with a rough outline of key considerations for the scoring of your work. These include a strong thesis, application of your historical thinking skills, ability to support your argument with specific examples, and the synthesis of your response into a greater historical context. You will be asked to explain and analyze significant issues in world history and develop an argument supported by your analysis of historical evidence.
- Scoring: Once again, understanding the scoring rubric is beneficial. The long essay is scored on a scale ranging from 0 to 6. Points are awarded for Thesis/Claim (0 to 1 point), Contextualization (0 to 1 point), Evidence (0 to 2 points), and Analysis/Reasoning (0 to 2 points). This YouTube video explains the AP Euro DBQ rubric and gives concrete examples of what to do and what NOT to do.
As you complete the document-based question and long essay, make sure to keep an eye on the time. Though you will be reminded of time remaining by the exam proctor, you will not be forced to move on to another question once the amount of time recommended for the first question has passed. Make sure you stay on track to address each section of every question. No points can be awarded for answer sections left completely blank when time runs out.
For a more in-depth explanation of how the document-based section and long-essay section are scored, review the College Board’s scoring rubric . To read descriptions of the directives commonly found on this section, visit the Common Directives page. To see authentic examples of past student responses and scoring explanations for each, visit the College Board’s Student Samples, Scoring Guidelines, and Commentary .
Step 5: Take Another Practice Test
As you did at the very beginning of your studying, take a practice test to evaluate your progress. You should see a steady progression of knowledge, and it’s likely that you will see patterns identifying which areas have improved the most and which areas still need improvement.
If you have time, repeat each of the steps above to incrementally increase your score.
Step 6: Exam Day Specifics
If you’re taking the AP course associated with this exam, your teacher will walk you through how to register. If you’re self-studying, check out our blog post How to Self-Register for AP Exams .
History enthusiasts will love CollegeVine’s free chancing engine. We use past performance (grades, standardized test scores, and extracurricular activities) to predict future outcomes—in this case, your chance of acceptance into college. Try our chancing engine today to see your odds of getting into over 500 colleges and universities.
Looking for more information on AP exams and courses? If so, check out these other excellent posts:
Dangerous Language to Watch for in a Waiver
Because 38 states do not have statutory requirements for lien waiver forms, they allow the forms to appear in basically whatever form the parties want. This can create confusion and allow lien waivers to be used as a document to craft a legal position. While this isn’t the intended purpose of lien waivers, it is something that a vigilant party should be on the lookout for.
Below are 3 examples of potentially troublesome waiver language that you need to be wary of.
Retainage, Change Orders, Extra Work
Managing lien waivers on projects where there is retainage, change orders, and “extra work” can be a huge challenge.
“Retainage creates a tricky issue” in lien waivers, explains David Eisenberg. “Because the lien waiver is supposed to waive lien rights to all work performed up to the effective date…[if] an owner is withholding retainage, contractors risk waiving their lien rights if they submit unconditional lien waivers.”
This is yet another reason why unconditional waivers are dangerous to use!
The same “tricky issue” is present with a few other token construction contract issues like unapproved or pending change orders and extra work.
Subcontractors are typically required to submit their pay requests through a pay application, and that pay application includes certain work items and excludes certain work items. The trouble with many lien waivers is the language frequently waives “everything” up to a certain date, irrespective of what may be excluded by the pay application (i.e. retainage, pending change orders, etc.).
Subcontractors must be very, very careful with this.
California’s statutory lien waiver forms handle this issue fairly well. Each of its waivers contains a section labeled “Exceptions,” where the subcontractor can stash any number of excepted items, and the progress waivers include statutory exception text excluding retainage and unpaid “extra” work. It’s still important that subcontractors keep their head up, notice this exceptions section, and accurately complete it.
Waiving Contractual Rights
Starting up on a new construction job includes many activities. There’s the RFP, the estimating process, submitting your bid, and so on. If your company is chosen to work on the job, at some point before the work commences, you’ll probably sign a contract. That contract will spell out all of your agreed-upon responsibilities (what you have to do), and also, all of your agreed-upon “rights” as spelled out in the contract (what you get).
Regarding lien waivers, the danger here is that your construction contract says you’re allowed a certain right, but then you sign a lien waiver that includes language stating that you a “waiving” or giving up that right.
There’s an infamous case out of Texas involving a company called Zachry Construction that illustrates the danger here. In that case, Zachry ended up losing over $2 million because the waivers they signed prohibited them from defending themselves against liquidated damages.
Take a moment to think about how scary this scenario can be:
Zachry Construction did work and was owed money for it. To receive a payment, they were required to sign lien waivers. The exchange of lien waiver for payment is completely fair, and a sensible and traditional thing for both parties to do. However, the parties also had some things they disputed aside from the exchanged payment (i.e. liquidated damages). The lien waiver document, which really has nothing to do with the dispute, disarmed Zachry completely because it had provisions within it waiving the rights to assert any defenses.
Unfortunately for Zachry, the lien waivers they signed included provisions that waived a lot more than lien rights, and it ended up costing them millions of dollars.
Bottom line: Be careful that the waivers you’re signing in order to get paid do not include any extra language that causes you to give up contractual rights!
Personal Attestations: Using a Waiver to Create Personal Liability
Another thing we’ve seen in lien waivers is a requirement that the person signing the waiver “personally attest” to the contents of the waiver. This personal attestation requirement may seem benign at first glance, but in reality, it creates potential personal liability on a construction contract that likely does not have any personal liability otherwise.
Obviously, a subcontractor or an employee at the subcontractor’s office will want to avoid this risk.
Learn about when to sign a waiver:
How to streamline project management? – 12 steps
Projects are filled with a slew of details. In the race to deliver the project on time, it is possible to miss a few important details along the way. Especially when project management is handled manually, it is hard to note down every small detail of a project. It results in a heap of paperwork and spreadsheets where uncertainties thrive driving up the chance for failure.
While it is impossible to harness the chaos in project management overnight, there are a number of ways to streamline the project management process effectively.
By following the twelve best practices meticulously in their project lifecycle, even non-project managers can successfully streamline and complete their projects. You can also follow the project management checklist to maximize your project productivity.
A great spot to end your trip is Old Orchard Beach and Palace Playland, which is the only New England amusement park that’s directly on the beach. Then you’ve got Portland, ME (visit the Old Port district to get a taste of New England, the vibe here is very 19th century), and then you’re driving along the Kennebec River after passing Augusta and Waterville. Stephen King’s House in Bangor is a roadside photo op, but be respectful and enjoy the horror icon’s home from the street.
95 ends at the Houlton–Woodstock Border Crossing, and the road continues on into Canada, where you can cross the border into New Brunswick. And there you have it! Pat yourself on the back, because you just visited all of the major attractions along I-95!
Have you ticked a few of these I-95 stops off our list? Be sure to share your favorite memories from your East-Coast road trip with us on Instagram.
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