Ralph Talbot DD- 390 - History

Ralph Talbot DD- 390 - History

Ralph Talbot

(DD-390: dp. 2,325 (f.); l. 341'4"; b. 35'6"; dr. 17'1"; s. 35 k.;
cpl. 158; a. 4 5", 12 21" 11.; cl. Gridley)

Ralph Talbot (DD-390) was laid down at the Boston Navy Yard 28 October 1935; launched 31 October 1936, sponsored by Mrs. Mary Talbot, mother of 2d. Lt. Ralph Talbot, and commissioned 14 October 1937, Lt. Comdr. H. R. Thurber in command.

Prior to the U.S. entry into World War II Ralph Talbot assigned to Destroyers, Battle Foree, operated in the eastern Pacific. In early 1941, she began a major overhaul at Mare Island and in April she rejoined the fleet at San Diego. At midmonth, she steamed to Pearl Harbor whence she operated for the remainder of the year. Moored at Pearl Harbor on the morning of 7 December, she manned her guns and began preparations for getting underway within minutes of the start of the Japanese attuck. By 0900 she was en route out of the harbor having already splashed her first enemy aircraft. After the attack, she searched for enemy submarines and, on the 14th, sortied with TF 14 on the first of a series of carrier force screening assignments. In January 1942, she sailed with T1:'8 during raids against Japanese positions in the Marshalls and Gilberts and in February and March against Wake and Mareus Islands.

Returning to Pearl Harbor with TF 16 on 9 March, Ralph Talbot joined TF 15 on the 19th and through May escorted convoys between Hawaii and the west euast. In early June she escorted auxiliaries to the northwest of Hawaii; which refueled and replenished the victors of the Battle of Midway, then escorted TF 16 back to Pearl Harbor. On the 14th she got underway for Australia and New Zealand, whence she sailed on 22 July for the Solomons and the first of the island assaults which would eventually lead to victory. Assigned to TG 62.6, she screened the transport group to Guadaleanal arriving on the morning of 7 August, then patrolled off the transport area through the landings. On the 8th she took up patrol station north of Savo Island and at 0145 on the 9th received word of three enemy ships inside Savo Island. Soon afterward heavy gunfire was seen to the southeast, the firet Battle of Savo Island had begun and Ironbottom Sound was on its way to being named.

Half an hour later Ralph Talbot was shelled by a friendly destroyer, the error was quickly reetified, but within minutes an enemy cruiser appeared off her port quarter. Both ships opened fire and search light switches were flieked on. Ralph Talbot's cables had been severed in the earlier shelling, but the enemy's worked. The spotlighted 390 took a hit in the chart house which destroyed radar equipment, eut fire control eireuits and ignited fires. Three more shells eame in close sueeession, hitting the wardroom, the starboard quarter, and and the underside of gun No. 4. Among the 12 dead were the doctor and the chief pharmacist's mate.

At 0221 Ralph Talbot ceased firing. The enemy had disappeared, but the damage she had caused rcquired a new fight. Fire enveloped the bridge and the ship listed heavily to starboard. Slowing to one-third speed, she turned toward Savo. At 0230 all radio communication to and from the vessel ceased, but 20 minutes later she stood in close to the shore where the crew continued the battle to save her. By 0330 fires and flooding were under control and repair work was begun. Soon after 0700 communieations were reestablished and by 1210 repairs, including mattress patches on the hull, were sufficient to begin the journey back to the United States for repairs.

Arriving at Mare Island 11 September, Ralph Talbot headed west again 11 November. Refresher exercises kept her in Hawaii until December and on the 16th she got underway for Australia. She arrived at Brisbane 2 January 1943 and until 10 May conducted training exercises and escorted convoys along the northern and easf ern coasts of that continent. On 13 May she arrived at Noumea to provide similar service as Allied forces pushed up the Solomons. On 30 June she covered the landings on Rendova to commence the New Georgia campaign, rescuing 300 survivors from McCawley within hours of the completion of the landings. On 5 July she landed 148th Infantry units at Riee Anchorage after softening the landing area with her 5" guns. On the 9th and 11th, she participated in the bombardments of Munda and on the night of 12-13 July joined TG 36.1 in a sweep up the Slot. The Allied ships engaged an enemy cruiser and five destroyers escorting destroyer transports in the Battle of Kolombangara. After that battle, salvage operations on Gwzn were frustrated bv enemy aerial attacks. Ralph Tatbot's torpedoes sent the damaged destroyer to the bottom.

Through August and September and into October, DD-390 continued to earry out patrol and escort duties in the Solomons. On 27 October she sailed again for Australia, whence she continued on to Milne Bav, arriving 3 November. There antisubmarine and antiaircraft patrol and escort missions continued. At midmonth she returned briefly to Tulagi, then resumed operations off New Guinea. On 29 30 November she participated in a TF 74 bombardment of Japanese positions on New Britain. In mid-December she covered the landings at Kiriwina as the Allies secured the Trobriands, then, toward the end of the month returned to New Britain to cover the assault on Cape Gloucester. Through the end of the year, she divided her patrol time between Buna and Cape Gloucester.

On 1 January 1944 she got underway with TF 76 for the preinvasion bombardment of, and landings at, Saidor. She next escorted reinforcements to both Saidor and Cape Gloueester. In early February she returned to Milne Bay, thence steamed east to the United States for overhaul. In mid-May she departed San Francisco for Pearl Harbor and a month later sailed for Eniwetok and Saipan as convoy escort. Arriving at Garapan Harbor 5 July, she provided gunfire support to troops ashore, evacuated stranded casualties and on the 7th returned to escort duty in the Marshalls and Marianas Back at Saipan on the 25th, she provided fire support and harassing shore bombardment fire at Tinian on the 27th, then resumed escort duties. Continuing that duty into August, she joined TF 38.4 at Eniwetok and on the 28th sailed for strikes against the Voleano and Bonin Islands (31 August-2 September) Yap (7-8 September), and the Palaus (10-19 September).

Following the Palau offensive, the force retired to Manus; then returned to the Palaus, whence, in October, they sailed to strike against Japanese shipping and positions on Okinawa Luzon, and Formosa. On the 14th the force returned to smash targets on Luzon, continuing the raids through the 19th. On the 20th it supported the Leyte landings, then returned to operations off Luzon. On the 24th it steamed north to intercept the Japanese northern force, a carrier force. On the 25th, as Ralph Talbot screened the heavier vessels, the Battle off Cape Engaho was fought and, on the 31st, the force retired to Ulithi.

Ralph Talbot, detached from the fast carriers on 16 November, rejoined the 7th Fleet on the 17th and, with the CVE's of TG 77.4, patrolled the convoy routes in the Leyte Gulf area until the 27th when she steamed to Kossol Roads. On 12 December she returned to Leyte Gulf, thence escorted the escort carriers into the Sulu Sea for operations in supDort of the Mindoro landings. A brief respite at Manus followed preceding her next screening assignment, the Luzon invasion.

Departing the Admiralties 27 December, the destroyer steamed north to Kossol Roads and on I January 1945 sortied with the escort carrier group. On the 4th, Ommarey Bay was hit by a kamikaze and on the 6th the group arrived off Lingayen Gulf. Through the 17th, the destroyer screened the carriers as they provided air cover for the assault troops and on the 23d she returned to Ulithi to replenish. Reassigned to the 5th Fleet in February, she steamed to Saipan, whence she screened transports to Iwo Jima. Between the 16th and the 27th, she patrolled off that island, then returned to Saipan.

Back at Ulithi 5 March, she remained at that base until 20 April when she got underway for Okinawa. Arriving at Hagushi on the 26th, she immediately reported for duty in TG 51.5 and commenced antiaircraft patrols. Soon after 2200, on the 27th, while patrolling off the anchorage, she was closed by two enemy fighters flown by pilots of the "Divine Wind" school. The first crashed the starboard side aft. The second, a near miss, splashed into the sea off the port quarter. Damage control parties brought flooding under control by 2213 and within minutes PCE-852 pulled alongside with a medical officer and seven corpsmen. The destroyer then turned back to Kerama Retto for repairs. On 20 May she got underway to return to the Hagushi anchorage where she again joined the antiaircraft screen. On the 26th she shifted to Nakagushuku Wan, thence back to Kerama Retto where she rejoined the escort carriers. A month later she steamed to Leyte, thence to Saipan. There she resumed escort of convoy duty and for the remainder of World War II plied between the Marianas and the Ryukyus.

On I September Ralph Talbot escorted Portland from Guam to Truk and on the 2d stood by as the Japanese formally surrendered that island fortress during ceremonies aboard the cruiser. Returning to Guam on the 3d the destroyer sailed for Saipan, Okinawa, and Japan on the 5th and, into October operated off southern Japan and Okinawa, getting underway for the United States 29 October

Reporting for duty with the Western Sea Frontier on her return 11 November, Ralph Talbot was assigned to Joint Task ForceI the following May 1946, and designated for use as a target in Operation "Crossroads," the atomic tests conducted at Bikini in July and August 1946. Contaminated during the tests, the destroyer was towed to Kwajalein where she was decommissioned 29 August 1946 and sunk, in deep water off the atol1, 8 March 1948. Her name was struck from the Navy list 5 April 1948.

Ralph Talbot earned 12 battle stars during World War II.


USS Ralph Talbot (DD 390)

Damaged during the atomic bomb test at Bikini Atoll in July 1946.
Decommissioned 28 August 1946.
Scuttled off Kwajalein 8 March 1948.
Stricken 5 April 1948.

Commands listed for USS Ralph Talbot (DD 390)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Harry Raymond Thurber, USN14 Oct 193710 Jun 1940
2Cdr. Roy William Montrose Graham, USN10 Jun 1940Feb 1941
3Ralph Earle, Jr., USNFeb 19419 Jul 1942
4Lt.Cdr. Joseph William Callahan, USN9 Jul 194228 Aug 1943
5T/Lt.Cdr. Richard Daniels Shepard, USN28 Aug 19432 Mar 1944
6Lt.Cdr. Winston Seaborn Brown, USNR2 Mar 19449 Oct 1945 ( 1 )
7Lt.Cdr. Burns Walling Spore, USN9 Oct 194528 Aug 1946 ( 1 )

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Notable events involving Ralph Talbot include:

7 Dec 1941
USS Ralph Talbot was present during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Ralph Talbot was part of the 2nd destroyer flotilla.

For Ralph Talbot's action report see this website (offsite link).

9 Aug 1942
Damaged during the Battle of Savo Island though seriously damaged managed to withdraw 14 of the crew died and 16 were wounded.

27 Apr 1945
Damaged by Kamikaze, 5 crew died and 9 were wounded

Media links


RALPH TALBOT DD 390

This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.


    Bagley Class Destroyer
    Keel Laid October 28 1935 - Launched October 31 1936

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USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390)


Figure 1: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) off the Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, 23 March 1938. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the US National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 2: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) off the Boston Navy Yard, Massachusetts, 23 March 1938. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the US National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 3: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) silhouetted against the sun while off Manhattan Island, New York City, circa 1938. US Naval Historical Center Photograph. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 4: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 11 April 1942. Note that her port side anchor and boat davits have been removed as weight-saving measures. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the US National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 5: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) off the Mare Island Navy Yard, 11 April 1942. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the US National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 6: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) escorting the Guadalcanal-Tulagi invasion convoy, circa 7-8 August 1942. HMAS Australia is dimly visible in the far right distance, beyond the three destroyers maneuvering there. Photographed by Corp. L.M. Ashman, USMC. US Marine Corps Photograph. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 7: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) underway off Honolulu, Hawaii, circa January 1943. This photograph was received by the Bureau of Ships from Pearl Harbor, with a letter of 17 January 1943. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the US National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 8: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) underway off Honolulu, Hawaii, circa January 1943. This photograph was received by the Bureau of Ships from Pearl Harbor, with a letter of 17 January 1943. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the US National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 9: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) underway in Hawaiian waters, circa January 1943. This photograph was received by the Bureau of Ships from Pearl Harbor, with a letter of 17 January 1943. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the US National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 10: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) photograph received by the Bureau of Ships from the Hunter's Point Navy Yard, San Francisco, California, with a letter of 19 May 1944. It was probably taken in San Francisco Bay just prior to that date. Her camouflage scheme is Measure 33, Design 1d. Note US Coast Guard ensign flying from the vessel carrying the photographer. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the US National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 11: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 20 March 1946, with harbor tugs alongside and nearby. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the US National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 12: USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390) at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 20 March 1946, with harbor tugs alongside and a crane barge by her bow. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the US National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.

Named after Second Lieutenant Ralph Talbot (1897-1918), a US Marine Corps pilot who won the Medal of Honor and was killed during World War I, USS Ralph Talbot was a 2,325-ton Bagley class destroyer that was built in the Boston Navy Yard at Boston, Massachusetts, and was commissioned on 14 October 1937. The ship was approximately 341 feet long and 35 feet wide, had a top speed of 35 knots, and had a crew of 158 officers and men. Ralph Talbot was armed with four 5-inch guns, 4 0.5-inch machine guns, 12 21-inch torpedo tubes, and depth charges.

After being commissioned, Ralph Talbot spent the next four years of her career with the US Navy’s Battle Force, which operated mainly in the eastern Pacific. Ralph Talbot was anchored at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, during the Japanese attack on 7 December 1941. As soon as the attack began, crewmembers on board the ship manned her guns and made preparations for getting underway. By 0900, Ralph Talbot raised enough steam to leave the shattered port after shooting down one enemy aircraft. After the attack was over, the ship searched the waters off Hawaii for Japanese submarines. On 14 December, Ralph Talbot was assigned to Task Force 14 on the first of many aircraft carrier escort and screening assignments. In January 1942, Ralph Talbot joined Task Force 8, which participated in raids against Japanese positions on the Marshall and Gilbert Islands. Then in February and March 1942, they attacked Wake and the Marcus Islands.

After returning to Pearl Harbor on 9 March 1942, Ralph Talbot was assigned to Task Force 15. From 19 March to the end of May, the task force escorted convoys between Hawaii and America’s west coast. On 14 June, Ralph Talbot began a journey to Australia and New Zealand and on 22 July the ship joined a major task force bound for Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. The task force arrived at Guadalcanal on 7 August and Ralph Talbot began patrolling the area that same day. On 8 August, the ship maintained a patrol station just north of Savo Island and at 0145 in the early morning of 9 August, Ralph Talbot received a radio message that three Japanese warships were heading right for them. Shortly after that, gunfire was seen to the southeast and the first Battle of Savo Island had begun.

Roughly 30 minutes later, Ralph Talbot was mistaken for an enemy warship in the dark and was shelled by an American destroyer. The other American destroyer quickly discovered its mistake and stopped shelling Ralph Talbot, but the accident still caused some damage to the ship. Suddenly, a Japanese cruiser appeared off Ralph Talbot’s port quarter. Both ships opened fire at almost point-blank range. The Japanese cruiser’s searchlights found Ralph Talbot and the larger enemy warship unleashed a torrent of shells against the American destroyer. Ralph Talbot tried to use her own searchlights, but the cables attached to the searchlights had been severed during the accidental skirmish. Soon the Japanese cruiser began scoring hits on Ralph Talbot. One shell hit the chart house and destroyed the ship’s radar equipment. Another hit cut Ralph Talbot’s fire control circuits and ignited several fires on board the ship. Then three more Japanese shells slammed into the destroyer in quick succession, destroying the wardroom and damaging the starboard quarter as well as one of the ship’s 5-inch guns. Twelve of Ralph Talbot’s crewmembers were killed, along with the ship’s doctor and the chief pharmacist’s mate. However, the damage could have been much, much worse.

At 0221 on the morning of 9 August 1942, Ralph Talbot ceased firing. The Japanese cruiser left the area, but the destroyer was in serious trouble. Fire engulfed the bridge and the ship was flooding and listing heavily to starboard. At 0230, all radio communications to and from the ship had ceased and 20 minutes later Ralph Talbot had drifted close to the shore of Savo Island. The crew worked frantically to save its ship, battling the fires that were threatening to sink her. Fortunately by 0330, the crew managed to get both the fires and the flooding under control. The crew then directed all of its efforts to repairing the damage. By 0700, communications were restored and by 1210 most of the repairs (including using mattresses to plug the holes in her hull) were completed to the point where Ralph Talbot was seaworthy enough to limp all the way back to the United States for a major overhaul.

Ralph Talbot arrived at the Mare Island Navy Yard in California on 11 September 1942. After undergoing repairs and a substantial overhaul, Ralph Talbot left Mare Island on 11 November and headed for Hawaii. From there, Ralph Talbot sailed to Australia on 16 December. The ship arrived at Brisbane, Australia, on 2 January 1943. Ralph Talbot conducted training exercises and escorted convoys along the northern and eastern coasts of Australia until 10 May. On 13 May, the ship arrived at Noumea, New Caledonia, to escort more ships heading back to the Solomon Islands. On 30 June, Ralph Talbot participated in the amphibious landings at Rendova, part of the New Georgia offensive in the Solomon Islands. On 30 June, Ralph Talbot rescued 300 survivors from the sinking troop transport USS McCawley (APA-4). On 5 July she bombarded Rendova with her 5-inch guns and on 9 and 11 July participated in the bombardment of the island of Munda. On the evening of 12 to 13 July 1943, Ralph Talbot was part of a task group that intercepted one Japanese cruiser and five destroyers, including several enemy transports, off the coast of Kolombangara. The subsequent Battle of Kolombangara was roughly a draw. Three American cruisers were damaged and one destroyer sunk, while the Japanese lost one cruiser. The American destroyer that was sunk was USS Gwin (DD-433). The ship was seriously damaged during the battle and was unable to move. She eventually had to be sunk by one of Ralph Talbot’s torpedoes to prevent her from possibly being salvaged by the enemy.

Later on in 1943, Ralph Talbot supported amphibious landings in New Britain and in January 1944 participated in the amphibious assaults on New Guinea. Ralph Talbot then was assigned to the central Pacific in mid-1944, where she bombarded enemy positions on the islands of Saipan and Tinian. By late August, Ralph Talbot escorted Task Force 38’s aircraft carriers during attacks on the Bonin Islands, the Palau Islands, Okinawa, Formosa, and the Philippines. She also screened carriers off Cape Engano during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944.

From January to June 1945, Ralph Talbot participated in the American assaults on northern Luzon in the Philippines, on Iwo Jima, and on the Ryukyus Islands. While on anti-aircraft patrols off the island of Okinawa on 27 April 1945, two Japanese “kamikaze” aircraft spotted Ralph Talbot. Both planes dove for the American destroyer. The first plane smashed into the aft starboard side of the ship. The second plane was a near miss, crashing into the sea off the port quarter. Damage control parties on board the ship eventually brought the fires and the flooding under control and a few minutes after the attack an American patrol craft, PCE-852, pulled alongside the destroyer with a medical officer and seven corpsmen. Ralph Talbot, though, had to go for repairs to the American-held island of Kerama Retto, not far from Okinawa. The tough ship was repaired and remained on duty in the central and western Pacific until the end of the war. At the beginning of September 1945, the Ralph Talbot was present at the surrender of Japanese forces on Truk in the Caroline Islands.

After serving briefly in the occupation of Japan after the war, Ralph Talbot returned to the United States in November 1945. In the spring of 1946, the now worn and battered destroyer was chosen to be one of the target ships for the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands. Amazingly, Ralph Talbot refused to die even after two atomic bombs were detonated at Bikini in July 1946. However, the destroyer was so contaminated with radioactivity that she had to be sunk. USS Ralph Talbot was eventually scuttled in deep water off Kwajalein Atoll on 8 March 1948. The ship earned 12 battle stars for her service during World War II.


USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390), 1937-1948

USS Ralph Talbot, a 1500-ton Bagley class destroyer built at the Boston Navy Yard, was commissioned in October 1937. For the next four years she served with the Battle Force, mainly in the Pacific. Based at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, after mid-1941, she was moored there when the Japanese attacked on 7 December 1941 and was able to get to sea before the raid was finished. Ralph Talbot spent the next few months operating with carrier task forces, participating in some of the early raids on Japanese bases in the central Pacific.

After serving as an escort for shipping in the west coast and Hawaii areas, in June 1942 Ralph Talbot steamed to the south Pacific. She took part in the Guadalcanal-Tulagi operation in early August and in the Battle of Savo Island on the 9th of that month. She was seriously damaged by gunfire in that action, losing twelve of her crew, and necessitating a return to the U.S. for repairs.

Ralph Talbot's next combat operations were in the central Solomons, where she participated in the Rendova-New Georgia invasion and the Battle of Kolombangara in July 1943. Later in the year, the destroyer supported landings in New Britain and in the first month of 1944 performed similar duties off New Guinea. She was assigned to the central Pacific in mid-1944, where her guns bombarded the enemy on Saipan and Tinian in July. From late August, Ralph Talbot escorted Task Force 38's aircraft carriers during strikes on the Volcano and Bonin Islands, the Palaus, Okinawa, Formosa and the Philippines. In this role, she took part in the action off Cape Enga?o during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944.

In January-June 1945, Ralph Talbot took part in operations to capture northern Luzon, Iwo Jima and the Ryukyus. She was hit by a "Kamikaze" suicide attack off Okinawa on 27 April but was repaired locally and remained on duty in the central and western Pacific until the end of the Pacific War. At the beginning of September 1945, the destroyer was present when Japanese forces on Truk surrendered.

Following service supporting the occupation of Japan, Ralph Talbot returned to the United States in November 1945. The following spring the now-elderly ship was designated as a target in the upcoming atomic bomb tests at Bikini, in the Marshall Islands. She was contaminated by radioactivity after the two July 1946 nuclear explosions and was decommissioned a month later. USS Ralph Talbot was scuttled in deep water off Kwajalain on 8 March 1948.


USS Ralph Talbot DD-390 (1937-1948)

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Pearl Harbor Attack, USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390)

A16-3/DD390/(067) UNITED STATES FLEET
DESTROYERS, BATTLE FORCE
U.S.S. Ralph Talbot (390)
December 12, 1941.

From: The Commanding Officer.
To: The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
Via: (1) The Commander Destroyer Division Eight.
(2) The Commander, Destroyer Squadron Four.
(3) The Commander, Destroyers Battle Force.

Subject: Action Taken During the Air Raid Attack, Dec. 7, 1941.

Enclosure: (A) Sketch of harbor showing where planes were believed shot down by Ralph Talbot.[not attached]
The USS Ralph Talbot was moored bow to southward to buoy X-11 with the Patterson alongside to port and the Henley to starboard.

Under way at 0900 and passed sea buoy No. 1 at 0934.
Expended 150 rounds 5"/38 caliber and 1500 rounds .50 caliber.
Two planes that this vessel was firing on were seen to crash and another started to smoke badly but due to other approaching planes its further flight was not observed. One plane dove low over the bridge and was hit by our forward .50 caliber machine guns. It was seen to crash along the shore by Pearl City, marked A on the enclosed sketch. Other ships were also firing at this plane. While standing out the after 5"/38 caliber guns fired on planes attacking the Curtis. One plane was seen to fall to pieces just after gun No. 3 fired and it fell in the vicinity of the place Marked B. The Curtis was undoubtedly firing on these planes.
There were no personnel or material casualties due to enemy bombing or machine gun fire. The JA talker on the bridge had his arm grazed by a .30 caliber machine gun bullet fired by a plane.
All hands behaved excellently. CHAVIES, Edward J. Cox., and MARSHALL, Robert L., Sea2c., are worthy of special mention. Chavies went down the anchor chain hand over hand and swam out to the buoy and tripped the pelican hook as the motor whaleboat was slow in reaching the buoy to let go our chain. This was during a period of much machine gun fire by enemy planes. MARSHALL, a new man, was in No. 3 handling room sending up shells. One shell started to drop from the rack and as he had his arms full he tried to put his foot under the falling shell. He believed that it might explode if it dropped to the deck. Fortunately only one toe was mashed and he kept right on with his work until a lull in the action when he requested help.
[signed]
RALPH EARLE, Jr.


October 8, 1918: Ralph Talbot Becomes First US Marine Aviator to Win Medal of Honor

On October 8, 1918, 2 nd Lt. Ralph Talbot of Massachusetts earned the coveted Medal of Honor, the highest American military honor. Talbot was the first US Marine Corps aviator to be so honored.

Digging Deeper

Born in 1897 in South Weymouth, Massachusetts, Talbot was both an excellent student and a natural athlete. After high school he attended Mercersburg Academy (Pennsylvania), a college preparatory school, and then went on to Yale University. While at Yale, Talbot attended flying school in Delaware, and served in the Artillery Training Corps at Yale, somewhat similar to today’s ROTC.

A Patriotic American, Ralph enlisted in the Navy in October of 1917, was sent to aviation ground training at MIT and flight school in Florida, earning his wings as Naval Aviator #456. Eager to go to Europe and fight in World War I, Talbot switched to the US Marine Corps as a 2 nd Lieutenant, and was shipped to Europe with the first increment of US military to join the combat.

Flying an Airco DH-4 observation/general purpose plane (one engine, a pilot and an observer/gunner, a British design built in the USA), Talbot as the pilot had a forward firing .303 caliber machine gun and his observer had a Lewis machine gun on a flexible mount behind the pilot. The DH-4 was also capable of carrying a small bomb load (460 pounds). Not as maneuverable as single seat fighter planes (called “scouts” in those days), the DH-4 was fast for its time, with a top speed of 143 mph.

Talbot participated in many combat missions, and on October 8, 1918, flew into a particularly tricky situation when he was attacked by 9 enemy fighters. Talbot and his observer survived the uneven dogfight, and even shot down one of the German planes. A week later during a strike against a German ammo dump, Talbot and another DH-4 were separated from their flight, due to engine trouble. This time, 12 enemy fighters attacked Talbot and again, he managed to shoot one of those attackers down, but his observer was wounded and the observer’s gun jammed. Talbot deftly kept his plane out of the machine gun fire of the enemy while the wounded observer un-jammed his Lewis gun, and Talbot rejoined the dogfight. Ralph’s observer collapsed after being wounded 2 more times, and Talbot managed to shoot down another German Fokker D.VII alone. Motor coughing and failing, Talbot managed to elude the German fighters and raced with his wounded observer low across the battlefield, crossing German trenches at a mere 50 feet of altitude. Talbot made an emergency landing at the nearest Allied hospital, delivering his wounded observer to medical care before taking off again and returning to his air base.

For his heroic actions on October 8 and October 14, 1918, Ralph Talbot was awarded the Medal of Honor, although he did not live to receive his medal. Talbot died on October 25, 1918 while on take-off, testing a repaired engine. In his birth town of Weymouth, Massachusetts, a street and a school bear his name, and in 1936 the US Navy welcomed Destroyer USS Ralph Talbot DD-390 to the fleet. Ralph Talbot died at the age of 21, but his legacy lives on in the many heroic Marine Corps aviators that have followed and continue to serve in his tradition of skill and courage. Semper fi, Lieutenant Talbot.

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Historical Evidence

For more information, please see…

Dumont, Emma Catherine. Finding Ralph Talbot: The Unpublished Poems of a World War One Pilot. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2016.

The featured images in this article, a photograph of Ralph Talbot (6 January 1897 – 25 October 1918) and a depiction of the w:United States Department of the Navy Medal of Honor used from 1913 to 1942, are in the public domain in the United States.

About Author

Major Dan is a retired veteran of the United States Marine Corps. He served during the Cold War and has traveled to many countries around the world. Prior to his military service, he graduated from Cleveland State University, having majored in sociology. Following his military service, he worked as a police officer eventually earning the rank of captain prior to his retirement.


Ralph Talbot DD- 390 - History

A Tin Can Sailors
Destroyer History

Launched on 20 March and commissioned on 27 May 1942, the MCCALLA (DD-488) was in the South Pacific by 8 October screening transports carrying supplies and reinforcements to Guadalcanal. With the SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), SALT LAKE CITY (CA-25), BOISE (CL-47), FARENHOLT (DD-491), BUCHANAN (DD-484), LAFFEY (DD-459), and, later, the HELENA (CL-50) and DUNCAN (DD-485), she patrolled north of the island. On the night of 11󈝸 October 1942, the task force encountered a Japanese force off Cape Esperance. In the ensuing battle the MCCALLA claimed an enemy destroyer and then was sent to find the BOISE, which was reportedly damaged in the action She failed to locate the cruiser, but found the DUNCAN, burning and adrift off Savo Island. Once the flames had diminished, a salvage party boarded the abandoned destroyer, and the MCCALLA went in search of survivors. With the aid of planes and landing craft, the MCCALLA rescued 197 men. During the rescue operation, the sharpshooters aboard the MCCALLA fought off sharks attacking the men in the water. The DUNCAN, which proved to be beyond saving, sank shortly after noon on the 12th. Two hours later, the MCCALLA’s lookouts sighted a large number of Japanese seamen in the water near the scene of the previous night’s action. The Americans threw lines to several men who refused to take them and then lowered a boat to capture three of the unwilling survivors.

The MCCALLA went on to patrol the area south of Guadalcanal and to escort transports bringing in reinforcements. On 3 November 1942 she went after a surfaced submarine. As she closed at flank speed, the boat submerged, and the MCCALLA launched her depth charges. Subsequent explosions gave her reason to believe that the submarine was sunk, but nothing on the surface confirmed the kill. Over the next two weeks, while screening transports off Guadalcanal, the MCCALLA’s task group fought off several attacks by enemy aircraft, and on 25 November, the destroyer attacked a group of enemy landing craft off Tassaforanga, destroying forty of them.

During the first half of 1943, the MCCALLA steamed among the Fiji, New Hebrides, and Solomon Islands performing plane guard, escort, and antisubmarine patrol duties. Toward the end of June, the New Georgia campaign began, and with the FARENHOLT, BUCHANAN, and RALPH TALBOT (DD-390), she escorted troop transports to Rendova Island. At 1350 on 30 June, the force was attacked by Japanese torpedo planes. The planes strafed the ships with their machine guns, hitting the MCCALLA with four 20-mm projectiles and twenty or more 25-caliber armor piercing shells, one of which put the torpedo director out of commission. Three of her crew were injured. One of the enemy’s torpedoes hit the engine room of the transport MCCAWLEY (APA-4), killing fifteen of her crew and knocking out power. The destroyers MCCALLA and FARENHOLT stood by to cover operations as the RALPH TALBOT took off all but the salvage party. In the midst of salvage operations, the group fought off another dive bomber attack. At 1850, the MCCALLA took the salvage party off the stricken transport. In all, she rescued ninety-eight of the MCCAWLEY’s crew, accounted for at least two raiders, and assisted in another kill. At 2023 two torpedoes caused a violent explosion aboard the MCCAWLEY, which was torn apart and sank in less than a minute.

By 5 July the MCCALLA was in the New Georgia area to screen the landing of marines at Rice Anchorage. On the 9th she took part in the bombardment of Munda Airfield and then returned to escort work. On the night of 29 September, the MCCALLA had a steering casualty while battling the enemy off Kolomangara in the central Solomons. The result was a collision with the PATTERSON (DD-392) causing serious damage to the MCCALLA’s bow. Quick action and effective damage control kept the ship afloat and able to reach Purvis Bay, Florida Island, for emergency repairs. She then headed for the states and a new bow. En route, on 12 November 1943, she rescued 868 survivors of the torpedoed troop transport CAPE SAN JUAN and delivered the survivors, mostly members of the African-American 855th Aviation Engineer Battalion, to the Fiji Islands.

Ready for war duty again in January 1944, she got underway for the South Pacific and a month later was off Majuro to resume ASW operations and escort assignments in the Marshalls. Through the night of 18󈝿 February, she and the PORTERFIELD (DD-682) searched for a plane crash survivor and at 1233 on the 19th the MCCALLA picked up the man who had been in the water for four days. She continued patrol duties off Tarawa and Kwajalein and mopping up operations on Ailing Island and Nanu Atoll. At Majuro on 30 May 1944 she joined the fast carrier task force including the ESSEX (CV-9), COWPENS (CV-25), LANGLEY (CV-27), LANG (DD-399), STERETT (DD-407), WILSON (DD-408), ELLET (DD-398), LANSDOWNE (DD-486), LARDNER (DD-487), and CASE (DD-370). She screened carriers during the air strikes on Guam and Rota Islands and Iwo, Haha, and Chichi Jima and then on the Palaus, Philippines, and Morotai. On 14 September, the MCCALLA, FARENHOLT, and GRAYSON (DD-435) proceeded to Mindanao and in October the MCCALLA went on to cover carriers during strikes on Formosa and Okinawa.


The Ships of Pearl Harbor: A Comprehensive List with Short Histories of Each Ship

Last year I wrote a piece called The Battleships of Pearl Harbor. I followed that with an article this year entitled “Forgotten on the Far Side of Ford Island: The USS Utah, USS Raleigh, USS Detroit and USS Tangier. Of course most anyone that has see either Tora! Tora! Tora! Or Pearl Harbor is acquainted with the attack on “Battleship Row” and the airfields on Oahu. What are often overlooked in many accounts are the stories of some of the lesser known ships that played key roles or were damaged in the attack. Since none of the articles that I have seen have discussed all of the U.S. Navy ships at Pearl Harbor on that fateful morning I have taken the time to list all the ships with the exception of yard and patrol craft present at Pearl Harbor on December 7 th 1941. I have also excluded Coast Guard cutters. A brief account of each ship’s war service and final disposition is included. I believe that this is the only site that has this information in a single article.

During the attack 18 ships were sunk or damaged but only three, Arizona, Oklahoma and Utah never returned to service. During the war a further 18 ships were sunk or written off as losses during the war. All ships lost in the war are marked with an asterisk. One ship, the USS Castorremained in active service until 1968 serving in the Korean and Vietnam Wars. One ship, the Light Cruiser Phoenixwas sunk in the Falklands War while serving as the Argentine ship General Belgrano. No U.S. Navy ships apart from the Yard Tug Hoga(not included in this article) remain today. It is unfortunate that the Navy or any organization had the foresight to save one of these ships. It would have been fitting for one of the battleships that survived the war to be preserved as a memorial ship near the Arizona Memorial. While the USS Missouri serves this purpose symbolic of the end of the war it is a pity that no ship at Pearl Harbor was preserved so that people could see for themselves what these gallant ships was like.

Battleships

Nevada (BB-36) Nevadawas the only Battleship to get underway during the attack. As she attempted to escape the harbor she was heavily damaged and to prevent her sinking in the main channel she was beached off Hospital Point. She would be raised and returned to service by the May 1943 assault on Attu. She would then return to the Atlantic where she would take part in the Normandy landings off Utah Beach and the invasion of southern France in July 1944. She then returned to the Pacific and took part in the operations against Iwo Jima and Okinawa where she again provided naval gunfire support. Following the war she would be assigned as a target at the Bikini atoll atomic bomb tests, surviving these she would be sunk as a target on 31 July 1948. She received 7 battle stars for her WWII service.

*Oklahoma (BB-37)During the Pearl Harbor attack Oklahoma was struck by 5 aerial torpedoes capsized and sank at her mooring with the loss of 415 officers and crew. Her hulk would be raised but she would never again see service and sank on the way to the breakers in 1946. She was awarded one battle star for her service during the attack.

Pennsylvania (BB-38) Pennsylvania was the Pacific Fleet Flagship on December 7 th 1941 and was in dry dock undergoing maintenance at the time of the attack. Struck by two bombs she received minor damage and would be in action in early 1942. She underwent minor refits and took part in many amphibious landings in the Pacific and was present at the Battle of Surigo Strait. Heavily damaged by an aerial torpedo at Okinawa Pennsylvania would be repaired and following the war used as a target for the atomic bomb tests. She was sunk as a gunnery target in 1948. She received 8 battle stars for her WWII service.

*Arizona (BB-39) Arizona was destroyed during the attack. Hit by 8 armor piercing bombs one of which penetrated her forward black powder magazine she was consumed in a cataclysmic explosion which killed 1103 of her 1400 member crew. She was decommissioned as a war loss but her colors are raised and lowered every day over the Memorial which sits astride her broken hull. She received one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Tennessee (BB-43) Tennesseewas damaged by two bombs and was shield from torpedo hits by West Virginia.After repairs she conducted operations in the Pacific until she reported to Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in August 1942 for a complete rebuild and modernized with the latest in radar, fire control equipment and anti-aircraft armaments. She returned to active service in May 1943. She provided Naval Gunfire support in numerous amphibious operations and was a key ship during the Battle of Surigo Strait firing in six-gun salvos to make careful use of her limited supply of armor-piercing projectiles, Tennessee got off 69 of her big 14-inch bullets before checking fire. Her gunfire helped sink the Japanese Battleships Fuso and Yamishiro and other ships of Admiral Nishimura’s Southern Force. She was damaged by a Kamikaze off Okinawa on 18 April 1945 which killed 22 and wounded 107 of her crew but did not put her out of action. Her final assignment of the war was to cover the landing of occupation troops at Wakayama, Japan. She was decommissioned in 1947 and remained in reserve until 1959 when she was sold for scrap. Tennessee earned a Navy Unit Commendation and 10 battles stars for World War II service.

California (BB-44) California was hit by two torpedoes but had the bad luck to have all of her major watertight hatches unhinged in preparation for an inspection. Hit by two torpedoes and two bombs she sank at her moorings suffering the loss of 98 killed and 61 wounded. She was refloated and received temporary repairs at Pearl Harbor before sailing to Puget Sound Naval Shipyard to be completely rebuilt and modernized with the latest in radar, fire control equipment and anti-aircraft armaments. She returned to service in January 1944. She saw her first action in the Marianas and was in continuous action to the end of the war. She played an important part in the Battle of Surigo Strait and in the amphibious landings at Guam and Tinian, Leyte, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. She was decommissioned in 1947 and placed in reserve finally being sold for scrap in 1959. She received 7 battle stars for her WWII service.

Maryland (BB-45) At Pearl Harbor Maryland was moored inboard of Oklahoma and was hit by 2 bombs. She would be quickly repaired and returned to action and receive minimal modernization during the war. She would participate in operations throughout the entirety of the Pacific Campaign providing naval gunfire support to the landings at Tarawa, Kwajalein, Saipan, where she was damaged by an aerial torpedo, Palau, Leyte where she was damaged by a Kamikaze, Okinawa and the battleship action at Surigo Strait. Decommissioned in 1947 she was placed in reserve and sold for scrap in 1959. On 2 June 1961 the Honorable J. Millard Tawes, Governor of Maryland, dedicated a lasting monument to the memory of the venerable battleship and her fighting men. Built of granite and bronze and incorporating the bell of “Fighting Mary,” this monument honors a ship and her 258 men who gave their lives while serving aboard her in WWII. This monument is located on the grounds of the State House, Annapolis, Md. Maryland received seven battle stars for World War II service.

West Virginia (BB-48) West Virginia suffered some of the worst damage in the attack. Hit by at least 5 torpedoes and two bombs she was saved from Oklahoma’s fate by the quick action of her damage control officer to counter flood so she would sink on an even keel. She would be raised, refloated and taken back to the West Coast for an extensive modernization on the order of the Tennessee and California. The last Pearl Harbor battleship to re-enter service she made up for lost time as she lead the battle line at Surigo Strait firing 16 full salvos at the Japanese squadron helping sink the Japanese Battleship Yamashiroin the last battleship versus battleship action in history. West Virginiawas decommissioned in 1947, placed in reserve and sold for scrap in 1959.

Heavy Cruisers

New Orleans (CA-32) Minor shrapnel damage from near miss. Fought throughout the war in the Pacific bow blown off by Japanese torpedo at Battle of Trassafaronga in November 1942, repaired. 17 battle stars for WWII service, decommissioned 1947 and sold for scrap in 1957

San Francisco (CA-38Undamaged at Pearl Harbor, fought through Pacific war, most noted for actions at the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal fighting Japanese Battleship Hiei. Decommissioned 1946 and sold for scrap in 1959. San Francisco earned 17 battle stars during World War II. For her participation in the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, she was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation. For the same action, three members of her crew were awarded the Medal of Honor: Lieutenant Commander Herbert E. Schonland, Lieutenant Commander Bruce McCandless , and Boatswain’s Mate 1st Class Reinhardt J. Keppler (posthumous). Admiral Daniel Callaghan was also awarded the Medal of Honor (posthumous). During the November 1942 repair at Mare Island, it was necessary to extensively rebuild the bridge. The bridge wings were removed as part of that repair, and are now mounted on a promontory in Lands End, San Francisco at Golden Gate National Recreation Area overlooking the Pacific Ocean. They are set on the great circle course from San Francisco to Guadalcanal. The old ship’s bell is housed at the Marines Memorial Club in San Francisco.

Light Cruisers

Raleigh (CL-7) Heavily damaged by torpedo, repaired served throughout war mainly in North Pacific . Decommissioned 1945 and scrapped 1946

Detroit (CL-8) Undamaged and got underway during attack. Mainly served in North Pacific and on convoy duty earning 6 battle stars for WWII service, decommissioned and sold for scrap 1946

Phoenix (CL-46) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor and served throughout war and at the Battle of Surigo Strait she helped sink the Japanese Battleship Fuso. She earned 9 battle stars for WWII service. Decommissioned 1946 and transferred to Argentina 1951. Served as General Belgranoand sunk by submarine HMS Conqueror on 2 May 1982 during the Falklands War.

Honolulu (CL-48) Suffered minor hull damage from near miss. Served in Pacific and fought several engagements against Japanese surface forces in the Solomons. At the Battle of Kolombangara on the night of 12-13 July 1943 she was damaged by a torpedo but sank the Japanese Light Cruiser Jintsu. Earned 9 battle stars for WWII service, decommissioned 1947 and sold for scrap 1949

St. Louis (CL-49) St. Louisgot underway at 0930 nearly torpedoed by Japanese midget sub. She served throughout war in numerous operations and was damaged at the Battle of Kolombangara. She earned 11 battle stars for WWII service. She decommissioned 1946 and transferred to Brazil where she was renamed Tamandare stricken in 1976 sold for scrap in 1980 but sank while under tow to Taiwan.

*Helena (CL-50) Damaged and repaired. Engaged in many battles around Solomon Islands where at the Battle of Cape Esperance at Guadalcanal she sank the Japanese Heavy Cruiser Furutakaand destroyer Fubiki.She was engaged during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal and was sunk at Battle of Kula Gulf 6 July 1943. She was the first ship to be awarded the Naval Unit Commendation and was awarded 7 battle stars for her WWII service.

Allen (DD-66)Undamaged during attack spent war in local operations in Oahu area. Decommissioned 1945 and scrapped 1946

Schley (DD-103) Being overhauled on December 7th was undamaged in attack. Converted into High Speed Transport (APD) in 1942, earned 11 battle stars for WWII service and decommissioned in 1945 and scrapped in 1946

Chew (DD-106)Undamaged during attack and conducted local operations in Oahu operations for remainder or war, decommissioned 1945 and scrapped 1946

*Ward (DD-139) Ward was underway patrolling Channel entrance to Pearl Harbor on December 7 th , sank Japanese midget submarine. Converted to APD in 1943 and served in numerous operations prior to being heavily damaged by Japanese bombers at Ormoc Bay off Leyte in December 1944 starting fires that could not be controlled. She was sunk by USS O’Brien (DD-725) after survivors were rescued. By a strange twist of fate the C.O. of O’Brien LCDR Outerbridge who had commanded Ward when she sank the Japanese submarine at Pearl Harbor. Wardearned 10 battle stars for WWII service.

Dewey (DD-349) Being overhauled on December 7 th Dewey served throughout the war earning 13 battle stars escorting carriers, convoys and supporting amphibious operations. Decommissioned October 1945 and sold for scrap 1946

Farragut (DD-348) Got underway during attack suffered minor damage from strafing. During the war she operated from the Aleutians to the South Pacific and Central Pacific escorting carriers and supporting amphibious operations. She earned 14 battle stars for WWII service. Decommissioned 1945 and sold for scrap 1947

*Hull (DD-350) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor she operated from the Aleutians to the South Pacific and Central Pacific escorting carriers and supporting amphibious operations. She earned 10 battle stars before sinking in “Halsey’s Typhoon” on 18 December 1944.

MacDonough (DD-351) MacDonough got underway during attack and was undamaged, during war served in North and Central Pacific escorting carriers and supporting amphibious operations. She earned 13 battle stars for her WWII service. Decommissioned October 1945 and sold for scrap 1946

*Worden (DD-352) Worden got underway during attack and went to sea with ships searching for Japanese strike force. Served at Midway and the South Pacific before being transferred to the Aleutians where she grounded on a pinnacle due to winds and currents at Constantine Harbor Amchitka Island on 12 January 193, she broke up in the surf and was written off as a total loss. Worden was awarded 4 battle stars for her WWII service.

Dale (DD-353) Dale got underway immediately under the command of her Command Duty Officer, an Ensign and joined ships searching for Japanese strike force. During war served in North and Central Pacific and took part in the Battle of the Komandorski Islands on 26 March 1943. Earned 12 battle stars for WWII service, decommissioned October 1945 sold for scrap December 1946.

*Monaghan (DD-354) Monaghanwas the Ready destroyer on December 7 th and ordered underway when Ward sank the midget submarine. On way out of harbor rammed, depth charged and sank a Japanese midget submarine that had gotten into Pearl Harbor. She participated in Coral Sea, Midway, Aleutians, the Battle of the Komandorski Islands and Central Pacific operations before sinking with the loss of all but 6 crewmen during the great Typhoon of November 1944 sinking on 17 November. She received 12 battle stars for her WWII service.

Aylwin (DD-355)Got underway within an hour of the beginning of the attack with 50% of her crew and four officers, all Ensigns manning her leaving her Commanding Officer and others behind in a launch as she was under direction not to stop for anything. This was captured in the movie In Harm’s Way. During the war Aylwin saw action at Coral Sea, Midway, Guadalcanal, the Aleutians, and the Central Pacific up to the Okinawa and due to the action of her crew survived the great typhoon of November 1944. She earned 13 battle stars for her WWII service and was decommissioned in October 1945. She was sold for scrap in December 1946.

Selfridge (DD-357) Manned by a crew from 7 different ships Selfridge got underway at 1300 and was undamaged in the attack. Throughout war she served primarily as an escort to carriers and transports. Torpedoed by Japanese destroyer and lost her bow at Battle of Vella Lavella on 6 October 1942. Repaired and finished war. Earned 4 battle stars for WWII service and was decommissioned in October 1945 and sold for scrap in December 1946.

Phelps (DD-360) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Phelps was credited with shooting down one enemy aircraft. She was in action at Coral Sea, Midway, Guadalcanal, the Aleutians and the Central Pacific picking up 12 battle stars for her WWII service. Decommissioned in October 1945 and scrapped 1947.

Cummings (DD-365)Sustained minor damage from bomb fragments but got underway quickly. During war served on convoy escort, with fast carrier task forces and provided Naval Gunfire Support from the Aleutians to the Indian Ocean where she operated with the Royal Navy. On 12 August 1944, President Roosevelt broadcast a nationwide address from the forecastle of Cummings after a trip the Alaska. Cummings was decommissioned in December 1945 and sold for scrap in 1947.

*Reid (DD-369) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Reidescorted convoys and amphibious operations throughout the Pacific until she was sunk by Kamikazes at Ormoc Bay in the Philippines on 11 December 1944. On 31 August 1942 she sank by gunfire the Japanese submarine RO-1 off Adak Alaska. She received 7 battle stars for her WWII service.

Case (DD-370) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Caseescorted the fast carrier task forces throughout much of the war as well as conducted Anti-Submarine Warfare operations and Naval Gunfire Support. She sank a Midget submarine outside the fleet anchorage at Ulithi on 20 November 1944 and a Japanese transport off of Iwo Jima on 24 December 1944. She earned 7 battle stars for her WWII service and was decommissioned in December 1945 and sold for scrap in December 1947.

Conyngham (DD-371)Undamaged during attack she was underway that afternoon. Spent most of war on convoy escort, escorting carrier task forces and conducting Naval Gunfire Support missions she was damaged twice by strafing Japanese aircraft she earned 14 battle stars for her WWII service. Used in 1946 Atomic Bomb tests and destroyed by sinking in 1948.

Cassin (DD-372) Destroyed in drydock but salvaged returned to service 1944 escorting convoys and TG 38.1 the Battle Force of the fleet at Leyte Gulf as well as supporting amphibious operations. She earned 6 battle stars for her WWII service. Decommissioned December 1945 and sold for scrap 1947

Shaw (DD-373) Sustained massive damage due to magazine explosion, salvaged and repaired served throughout war and awarded 11 battle stars. Damaged by Japanese dive bombers off Cape Gloucester on 25 December 1943 with loss of 3 killed and 33 wounded. Decommissioned October 1945 and scrapped 1947

*Tucker (DD-374) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Tuckerconducted convoy escort operations and was sunk when she struck a mine escorting a transport to Espiritu Santo on 1 August 1942 sinking on 4 August. She received one battle star for her WWII service.

Downes (DD-375) Destroyed in drydock and salvaged. Decommissioned June 1942, rebuilt and recommissioned 1943. After she was recommissioned and used to escort convoys and conduct Naval Gunfire Support to amphibious operations. She earned 4 battle stars for her WWII service. Decommissioned 1947 and sold for scrap.

Bagley (DD-386) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Bagley conducted convoy escort operations and supported amphibious landings throughout the Pacific earning 1 battle stars ended the war on occupation duty at the Sasebo-Nagasaki area until returning to the United States. She earned 12 battle stars for her WWII service and was decommissioned in June 1946 and sold for scrap in October 1947.

*Blue (DD-387) Blue was undamaged and got underway during the attack under the direction of 4 Ensigns. Served on convoy escort duties, present at Battle of Savo Island on 9 August 192 and was torpedoed off Guadalcanal by Japanese destroyer Kawakaze on 21 August and was scuttled 22 August. She earned five battle stars for her WWII service.

Helm (DD-388) Helmwas underway, nearing West Loch at the time of the attack. Helm served in the Solomons and the South Pacific until February 19. She joined the fast carrier task forces of 5 th Fleet in May 1944. On 28 October at Leyte Gulf 28 October 1944 Helm and companion destroyer Gridley made sank the Japanese submarine I-46. She was used for a target during Operation Crossroads and scrapped in 1946. She received 11 battle stars for her WWII service.

Mugford (DD-389) Mugford was on standby status and had steam up which allowed her to get to sea during the attack in which she shot down Japanese aircraft. She spent much of 1942 on convoy duty between the U.S. and Australia. She took part in the Guadalcanal invasion and was struck by a bomb which killed 8 men, wounded 17 and left 10 missing in action. She would go on to serve in the Central and South Pacific being damaged by a near miss from a bomb on 25 December off Cape Gloucester and was stuck by a Kamikaze on 5 December 1944 in Surigo Strait. She escorted the fast carriers of TF 8 and 58 and later served on anti-submarine and radar picket duty. She decommissioned 1946 and was used in the Atomic Bomb tests and after use as a test ship for radioactive decontamination was sunk on 22 March 1948 at Kwajalein. She received 7 battle stars for her WWII service.

Ralph Talbot (DD-390) Ralph Talbotgot underway by 0900 on the morning of the attack and joined other ships at sea attempting to find the Japanese strike force. She spent much of 1942 engaged in escort duties and took part in the Battle of Savo Island where she engaged the Japanese as part of the Northern Group and was damaged by Japanese shellfire. She spent the war in the South and Central Pacific escorting convoys and supporting amphibious operations and was damaged by a Kamikaze off Okinawa. She remained in service until 1946 when she was assigned to JTF-1 and the Operations Crossroads Atomic Bomb test. She survived the blast and was sunk in 198. She earned 12 battle stars for her WWII service.

*Henley (DD-391) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Henley was already at General Quarters when the attack began because a new sailor sounded the General Quarters alarm instead of Quarters for Muster. As a result her weapons were manned. She got underway during the attack under the command of a junior Lieutenant and joined other ships patrolling outside of Pearl Harbor. Henley carried out convoy and anti-submarine patrols mainly around Australian continuing those duties through the Guadalcanal campaign. She was torpedoed and sunk by Japanese bombers on 3 October 1943 while conducting a sweep in support of troops ashore near Finshafen New Guinea. Henley earned 4 battle stars for her WWII service.

Patterson (DD-392) Patterson was undamaged during the attack and proceeded to sea conducting anti-submarine warfare patrols. She would spend the bulk of the war as an escort for fast carrier task forces. She was with the Southern Group during the Battle of Savo Island and suffered a hit on her #4 gun mount that killed 10 sailors. She was awarded 13 battle stars for her WWII service. Decommissioned in November 1945 she was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register in 1947 and sold for scrap.

*Jarvis (DD-393) Jarvis survived Pearl Harbor undamaged and got underway to join other ships in patrols around Oahu. She served as an escort for carriers and convoys and the invasion of Guadalcanal. She was heavily damaged by an aircraft launched torpedo during the landings but her crew made temporary repairs and restored power. She was ordered to Efate New Hebrides but evidently unaware of the order her Commanding Officer set sail for Sidney Australian and repairs from the Destroyer Tender USS Dobbin. She passed south of Savo Island as the Japanese cruiser force approached and refused assistance for the USS Blue. She was last seen on the morning of 9 August 1942 by a scout plane from Saratoga. Already heavily damaged and having little speed, no radio communications and few operable guns was attacked by a force of 31 Japanese bombers sinking with all hands at 1300 on 9 August. Jarvis was awarded 3 battle stars for her WWII service.

Narwhal (SS-167) Narwhal was one of a class of three large cruiser submarines that was built in the mid 1920s. Narwhal was 14 years old at the time of the attack. She was undamaged at Pearl Harbor and was used primarily to support special missions and special operations forces in raids against Japanese shore installations. Narwhal earned 15 battle stars for her service in the Pacific and was decommissioned in February 1945 and sold for scrap in May. Her 6” guns are enshrined at the Naval Submarine Base Groton.

Dolphin (SS-169) Undamaged in the Pearl Harbor attack Dolphin made 3 war patrols in late 1941 and early 1942 before being withdrawn from combat service and used for training due to her age. She was decommissioned in October 1945 and sold for scrap in 1946. She received 2 battle stars for her service in WWII.

Cachalot (SS-170) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Cachalot conducted three war patrols damaging an enemy tanker before being withdrawn from combat service in the fall of 1942 being judged too old for arduous combat service. She served as a training ship until June 1945 and was decommissioned in October 1945 and sold for scrap in January 1947. She was awarded 3 battle stars for her WWII service.

Tautog (SS-199) Tautogwas undamaged at Pearl Harbor and made the Japanese pay for not sinking her. She helped avenge the Pearl Harbor attack sinking 26 enemy ships of 71,900 tons including the submarines RO-30 and I-28 and destroyers Isoname and Shirakumoin 13 war patrols. She was withdrawn from combat service in April 1945 and served and operated in conjunction with the University of California’s Department of War Research in experimenting with new equipment which it had developed to improve submarine safety. She was decommissioned in December 1945. Spared from the Atomic Bomb tests she served as an immobile reserve training ship in the Great Lakes until 1957 and was scrapped in 1960. Tautogwas awarded 14 battle stars and a Naval Unit Commendation for her service in WWII.

Oglala (CM-4)Sank due to concussion from torpedo hit on Helena. Raised and repaired, converted to internal combustion repair ship. Decommissioned 1946 transferred to Maritime Commission custody and scrapped 1965

Minesweepers

Turkey (AM-13) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor she was redesignated as a Fleet Tug in 1942. She was decommissioned in November 1945 and sold for scrap in 1946. She received one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Bobolink (AM-20) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor and redesignated as an Ocean Going Tug in 1942. She decommissioned in 1946 and sold through the Maritime Administration. She received one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Rail (AM-26) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Rail was redesignated as a Ocean Going Tug in June 1942. She supported operations throughout the Pacific earning 6 battle stars for her WWII service. She was decommissioned in 1946 and transferred to the Maritime Administration for disposal in 1947.

Tern (AM-31) Undamaged in the attack Tern was redesignated as an Ocean Going Tug in June 1942 and supported the fleet for the remainder of the war. She was decommissioned and struck from the Navy List in December 1945. She earned one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

*Grebe (AM-43) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Grebewas redesignated as an Ocean Going Tug in June 1942. On 6 December 1942 Grebe grounded while attempting to float SS Thomas A. Edison at Vuanta Vatoa, Fiji Islands. Salvage operations were broken up by a hurricane that destroyed both ships 1-2 January 1943.

Vireo (AM-52) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Vireo was designated an Ocean Going Tug in May 1942. At the Battle of Midway she was assisting USS Yorktown CV-5when that ship was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine and sunk. She was damaged in a Japanese air strike off Guadalcanal on October 15 th 1942 abandoned but recovered by U.S. Forces and repaired supporting damaged fleet units. She was decommissioned in 1946 and disposed of by the Maritime Administration in 1947. Her final disposition is unknown. She was awarded 7 battle stars for her WWII service.

Coastal Minesweepers

Cockatoo (AMC-8) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Cockatoo operated in the 14th Naval District from Pearl Harbor throughout the war. She was transferred to the Maritime Commission 23 September 1946.

Crossbill (AMC-9)Undamaged in the attack she operated in an in-service status attached to the 14th Naval District from 1941 to 1947.

Condor (AMC-14) Undamaged in the attack she operated in the Hawaiian Islands throughout World War II. Placed out of service 17 January 1946, she was transferred to the Maritime Commission for disposal 24 July 1946.

Reedbird (AMC-30) Undamaged during the attack she operated in Hawaiian waters throughout World War II. Then ordered inactivated, Reedbird returned to San Diego where she was stripped and placed out of service 14 January 1946. Her name was struck from the Navy list 7 February 1946 and on 8 November 1946 she was delivered to the Maritime Commission for disposal.

Light Minelayers (Note: All of these ships were WWI era “four piper” destroyers converted to Mine Warfare ships in the 1920s and 1930s)

*Gamble (DM-15) Gamble was undamaged at Pearl Harbor and served throughout the Pacific. On 29 August 1942 she sank Japanese submarine I-123 near Guadalcanal. On 6 May 1943 she mined the Blackett Strait with her sisters USS Preble and USS Breese. On the night of 7-8 May a Japanese destroyer force entered the minefield one of which Kurashio, went down and two others Oyashio and Kagerowere sunk by Allied aircraft the next day. The sinking of Kagero provided a measure of revenge as that ship was part of the Japanese Carrier Strike Group that attacked Pearl Harbor. On 18 February 1945 Gamble was damaged by two bombs while operating off of Iwo Jima. Badly damaged she was towed to Saipan but salvage was impossible and she was decommissioned sunk off of Apra Harbor Guam on 16 July 1945. She was awarded 7 battle stars for her WWII service.

Ramsay (DM-16) Ramsey got underway during the attack and dropped depth charges in the vicinity of what was believed to be a midget submarine. She served in the Solomons and Aleutians and was redesignated as a Miscellaneous Auxiliary (AG-98) in 1944 operating around Pearl Harbor. She was decommissioned in October 1945 and scrapped in 1946. She received 3 battle stars for her WWII service.

*Montgomery (DM-17) Undamaged in the attack Montgomery conducted ASW operations in the wake of the attack. She operated throughout the Pacific until she was damaged by a mine while anchored off Ngulu on 17 October 1944. She was decommissioned on 23 April 1945 and sold for scrap in 1946. She was awarded 4 battle stars for her WWII service.

Breese (DM-18) Breese got underway during the attack and assisted in sinking a midget submarine. She was engaged throughout the war in the Pacific and operated with Gamble and Preble to mine the Blackett Strait in May 1943, an operation that resulted in the sinking of 3 Japanese destroyers. She was decommissioned and sold for scrap in 1946. She was awarded 10 battle stars for her WWII service.

Tracy (DM-19) Tracy was being overhauled during the attack and all machinery and armament was dismounted. After the overhaul she operated around the Pacific and in February 1943 she Tracy, as task group leader, led Montgomery (DM-17) and Preble (DM-20) in laying a field of 300 mines between Doma Reef and Cape Esperance. That night, Japanese destroyer Makigumo struck one of these mines and was damaged so badly that she was scuttled. Tracy was decommissioned and scrapped in 1946. She received 7 battle stars for her WWII service.

Preble (DM-20) Preble was being overhauled on December 7 th and took no part in the action. During the war she operated throughout the Pacific and in company with Gamble and Breese laid a minefield on 6 May 1943 which resulted in sinking 3 Japanese destroyers. She was redesignated as a Miscellaneous Auxiliary (AG-99) and she was regulated to convoy escort duties until the end of the war. She was decommissioned in December 1945 and sold for scrap in 1946. She was awarded 8 battle stars for WWII service.

Sicard (DM-21) Sicard was under overhaul at the Naval Shipyard during the attack. During the war she primarily served on convoy escort duty with and in some mine laying operations. She was reclassified a miscellaneous auxiliary, AG-100, effective 5 June 1945, decommissioned in December 1945 and sold for scrap in 1946. She was awarded 2 battle stars for her WWII service.

Pruitt (DM-22)Pruitt was being overhauled during the attack and served throughout the Pacific during the war. She was reclassified a miscellaneous auxiliary, AG-101, effective 5 June 1945, decommissioned November and stricken from the Navy List in December 1945 being scrapped at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard. She was awarded 3 battle stars for her WWII service.

High Speed Minesweepers (Note: All of these ships were WWI era “four piper” destroyers converted to Mine Warfare ships in the 1920s and 1930s)

Zane (DMS-14)Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Zane saw much service in the South and Central Pacific in WWII. She conducted minesweeping, convoy escort and ASW operations from Pearl Harbor to the Marianas campaign. She was damaged in a firefight with Japanese destroyers at Guadalcanal in 1942. After the invasion of Guam she was reassigned to target towing duties. Reclassified from high-speed minesweeper to a miscellaneous auxiliary, AG-109, on 5 June 1945 she decommissioned in December 1945 and sold for scrap in 1946. She was awarded 6 battle stars and a Naval Unit Commendation for her service in WWII.

*Wasmuth (DMS-15) Wasmuthwas undamaged during the attack and spent 1942 conducting patrol and convoy escort duties in the Aleutians and the West Coast. On 27 December 1942 while escorting a convoy in heavy seas two of her depth charges were ripped off their racks and exploded under her fantail blowing off her stern. Despite repair attempts her crew was evacuated and she sank on 29 December 1942. She was awarded one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Trever (DMS-16) Trever got underway during the attack without her Commanding Officer. During the war she saw extensive service. In 1945 she was regulated to training and local operations around Pearl Harbor. On 4 June 1945, she was reclassified as a miscellaneous auxiliary and designated as AG-110 and decommissioned in December 1945 and sold for scrapping in 1946. She received 5 battle stars for her WWII service.

*Perry (DMS-17) Perry got underway during the attack and was undamaged. During the war she engaged in numerous minesweeping and escort duties. She struck a mine during the Peleliu invasion off Florida Island and sank on 6 September 1944. She was awarded 6 battle stars for her WWII service.

Sacramento (PG-19) The elderly Sacramento was undamaged during the attack and participated in rescue and salvage operations after the attack. During the war she served as a tender for PT Boats and an air sea rescue vessel. Sacramento was decommissioned on 6 February 1946 at Suisun Bay, Calif., and simultaneously transferred to the War Shipping Administration for disposal. She was sold on 23 August 1947 for mercantile service, initially operating under Italian registry as Fermina. She received one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Destroyer Tenders

Dobbin (AD-3) Dobbin received minor damage from a bomb burst alongside which killed 2 crewmembers. During the war she would serve in the South Pacific supporting Pacific Fleet Destroyer Squadrons. She was decommissioned and transferred to the Maritime Administration in 1946. She was awarded one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Whitney (AD-4) Whitney was moored with a nest of destroyers during the attack and helped them prepare for sea during the attack issuing supplies and ammunition to help them get underway. Her sailors helped in repair and salvage operations on several ships during and after the attack. She would provide vital support to destroyer squadrons during the war and serve until 1946 when she was decommissioned and transferred to the Maritime Administration and scrapped in 1948. She received one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Seaplane Tenders

Curtiss (AV-4) Damaged by bomb and repaired. She served throughout the war and was damaged by a Kamikaze in 1945 while operating off Okinawa. Repaired she finished the war and served on active duty until 1956 when she was decommissioned and placed in reserve. She was scrapped 1972. Curtiss received 7 battle stars for her WWII service.

Tangier (AV-8) Moored just past the USS Utah Tangier was undamaged in the attack and contributed her guns to the air defense as well as shooting at a Japanese midget submarine that had penetrated the harbor. She maintained a very active operational carrier in the Pacific. Decommissioned in 1946 Tangier was sold for scrap in 1961. She earned 3 battle stars for her WWII service.

Seaplane Tenders (Small)

Avocet (AVP-4) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Avocet Avocetserved in the Alaskan and Aleutian theatres of operations as a unit of Patrol Wing 4. During the years, she tended patrol squadrons, transported personnel and cargo, and participated in patrol, survey, and salvage duties. She was decommissioned in December 1945 and sold in 1946. She received one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Swan (AVP-7) Swan was on the Marine Railway drydock during the attack and was undamaged. During the war she was primarily used on target towing duties. She was decommissioned in December 1945 and disposed of by the Maritime Commission in 1946. She received one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Seaplane Tenders (Destroyer) (Note: All of these ships were WWI era “four piper” destroyers converted to Seaplane Tenders in the 1920s and 1930s)

Hulbert (AVD-6) Hulbertwas undamaged during the attack and spent 1942-1943 conducting support missions for flying boats. Reclassified DD-342 she was used as an escort and plane guard for new Escort Carriers at San Diego until the end of the war. She was decommissioned in November 1945 and sold for scrap in 1946. She received 2 battle stars for her WWII service.

*Thornton (AVD-11) Thornton contributed her guns to the defense of Pearl Harbor and served in varying locales in the Pacific supporting the operations of flying boats. She was lost during the Okinawa invasion when collided with Ashtabula (AO-51) and Escalante (AO-70). Her starboard side was severely damaged. She was towed to Kerama Retto. On 29 May 1945 a board of inspection and survey recommended that Thornton be decommissioned, beached stripped of all useful materiel as needed, and then abandoned. She was beached and decommissioned on 2 May 1945. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 13 August 1945. In July 1957, Thornton’s abandoned hulk was donated to the government of the Ryukyu Islands. She received 3 battle stars for her WWII service.

Ammunition Ship

Pyro (AE-1) Pyro was undamaged in the attack and served the war transporting ammunition to naval bases around the Pacific. She was decommissioned in 1946 and scrapped in 1950. She was awarded one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Ramapo (AO-12) Ramapo was not damaged at Pearl Harbor and due to her slow speed was regulated to fuel transport operations between the Aleutians and the Puget Sound. She was decommissioned in 1946 and transferred to the Maritime Administration.

*Neosho (AO-23) Undamaged during the attack her Captain alertly moved her from her berth near Battleship Row to a less exposed part of the harbor. She operated with the carrier task forces and was heavily damaged at the Battle of Coral Sea by Japanese aircraft. Her crew kept her afloat for 4 days until she was discovered and her crew rescued before she was sunk by gunfire from USS Henley on 11 May 1942. Neosho was awarded 2 battle stars for her WWII service.

Repair Ships

Medusa (AR-1) Medusa was undamaged at Pearl Harbor and spent the war throughout the South Pacific repairing numerous vessels damaged in combat. After the war she served to prepare ships for inactivation before being decommissioned in 1947 and turned over to the Maritime Administration. She was scrapped in 1950. She received one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Vestal (AR-4) Vestal was damaged while moored adjacent to USS Arizona. Repaired following the attack Vestal served throughout war in the Pacific and was vital during the critical days of 1942 when she and her crew performed valiant service on major fleet units damaged during the Guadalcanal campaign and actions around the Solomon Islands. Carriers Enterprise and Saratoga, battleships South Dakota and North Carolina, cruisers San Francisco, New Orleans, Pensacola and St. Louiswere among the 5,603 jobs on 279 ships and 24 shore activities that she completed in a 12 month tour at Espiratu Santo. She would continue to perform this level of service the remainder of the war. During a stint at Ulithi she completed 2,195 jobs for 149 ships including 14 battleships, 9 carriers, 5 cruisers and 5 destroyers. She continued her vital work even after the war into 1946 when she was finally decommissioned. She was sold for scrap in 1950. She received 1 battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Rigel (AR-11) Rigelwas at Pearl Harbor completing her transformation from Destroyer Tender to Repari Ship. She incurred minor damage and she served throughout the war conducting vital repairs to numerous ships. She was decommissioned and transferred to the Maritime Administration in 1946. Her ultimate fate is unknown. She was awarded 4 battle stars for her WWII service.

Submarine Tender

Pelias (AS-14) Undamaged during the attack Peliassupported submarine squadrons based in the Pacific throughout the war. She was placed in commission in reserve 6 September 1946, and in service in reserve 1 February 1947. On 21 March 1950 she was placed out of service in reserve but later performed berthing ship duty at Mare Island until she decommissioned 14 June 1970. She was scrapped in 1973.

Submarine Rescue Ship

Widgeon (ASR-1) Widgeon conducted salvage, rescue and fire fighting operations on the sunk and damaged battleships on battleship row. During the war she served as the duty submarine rescue ship at Pearl Harbor and San Diego. After the war she supported the Operation Crossroads. She was decommissioned and sold for scrap in 1947. She received on battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Hospital Ship

Solace (AH-5)Solace was undamaged in the attack and provided medical care to many of the wounded after the attack. She served throughout the war caring for the wounded and dying in the Gilberts, the Marshalls, Guam, Saipan, Palau, Peleliu, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Solace was decommissioned at Norfolk on 27 March, struck from the Navy list on 21 May, and returned to the War Shipping Administration on 18 July 1946. She was sold to the Turkish Maritime Lines on 16 April 1948 and renamed SS Ankara, rebuilt as a passenger liner. SS Ankara was laid up in 1977 and scrapped at Aliaga, Turkey, in 1981. Solace received seven battle stars for World War II service.

Vega (AK-17) Vega was at Honolulu offloading ammunition when the attack occurred. She served in the Aleutians and in the Central Pacific during the war. Decommissioned and scrapped in 1946. She received 4 battle stars for her WWII service.

General-Stores-Issue Ships

Castor (AKS-1) Castor was strafed by Japanese aircraft during the attack but suffered little damage. She would go on to an illustrious career in WWII, Korea and Vietnam before being decommissioned 1968 and scrapped in Japan in 1969. She was awarded three battle stars for World War II service, two for Korean War service and six campaign stars for Vietnam War service.

Antares (AKS-3) Antares was at the Pearl Harbor entrance and spotted a midget submarine. She reported the contact to the USS Ward which sank the sub. During the war Antares made many supply runs in the Pacific and was at Okinawa. Sailing from Saipan to Pearl Harbor she was attacked by the Japanese submarines I-36, whose torpedoes missed their target and the kaiten-carrying I-165.She opened fire on one of the subs forcing it to dive. She was decommissioned in 1946 and sold for scrap in 1947. She was awarded 2 battle stars for her WWII service.

Ocean-going Tugs

Ontario (AT-13) Undamaged at Pearl Harbor Ontario would support operations in the Pacific throughout the war. She was decommissioned in 1946 and sold in 1947. She received one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Sunnadin (AT-28) Undamaged in the attack she operated at Pearl Harbor for the duration of the war. She was decommissioned in 1946 and transferred to the Maritime Administration. Her final disposition is unknown. She was awarded one battle star for her service during the Pearl Harbor attack.

Keosanqua (AT-38) Keosanqua was at the Pearl Harbor entrance preparing to transfer a tow from the USS Antares. She took the tow to Honolulu during the attack. She operated at Pearl Harbor and in the Central Pacific conducting towing operations. She was decommissioned in 1946 ransferred to the Maritime Commission 11 July for disposal, she was sold the same day to Puget Sound Tug & Barge Co., Seattle, Wash. Resold to a Canadian shipping firm in 1948, she was renamed Edward J. Coyle. In 1960 she was renamed Commodore Straits.

*Navajo (AT-64) Navaho was 12 miles outside Pearl Harbor entrance when the attack occurred. She operated in the South Pacific until 12 December 1942 when she was torpedoed and sunk by the Japanese submarine I-39 while towing gasoline barge YOG-42 150 miles east of Espiritu Santo, 12 December 1943 with the loss of all but 17 of her crew of 80. She earned 2 battle stars for her WWII service.

Miscellaneous Auxiliaries

*Utah (AG-16 ex-BB-31) Sunk at her moorings and righted 1944 but not raised, wreck is now a memorial at Ford Island.

Argonne (AG-31) Argonne was undamaged during the attack and served in a variety of capacities during the war supporting operations in the Pacific. For a time she was Admiral Halsey’s flagship as Commander Southwest Pacific in 1942 during the Guadalcanal Campaign. On 10 November 1944, Argonne lay moored to a buoy in berth 14, Seeadler Harbor, when the ammunition ship Mount Hood (AE-11) blew up, 1,100 yards away causing damage to her and other ships which she assisted after the explosion. She was decommissioned in 1946 and transferred to the Maritime Administration. She was scrapped in 1950. Argonne was awarded one battle star for her service at Pearl Harbor.

Sumner (AG-32) Sumner was undamaged during the attack and was redesignated as a Survey Ship AGS-5. She was damaged by a Japanese shell off Iwo Jima on 8 March 1945. She was decommissioned in 1946 and transferred to the Maritime Administration. She was awarded 3 battle stars for her WWII service.


Watch the video: USS COLORADO BB-45 FIRE PRACTICE - USS RALPH TALBOT DD-390 REFUELS - 11-05-1943 - SOUNDLESS - CO