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The Last Notes

Roland's death

Roland's death

Landscape - Death of Roland in 778 © RMN-Grand Palais (Musée du Louvre) / Gérard Blot Date of publication: December 2019 Historical background The myth of Roncesvalles The only famous episode in the reign of Charlemagne which does not directly implicate the future emperor of the West, death Tragique de Roland au Col de Roncesvalles is a prolific literary and then pictorial subject, but a historically very uncertain event: its exact location, even its existence, is still debated.

The world turned upside down

The world turned upside down

The reversed world. (editor), Cambraibois colored thread with a stencil on laid paper Place of Conservation: MuCEM website Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - J.

Childhood death in the 19th century<sup>e</sup> century

Childhood death in the 19th centurye century

The Young Sick.SCHEFFER Ary (1795 - 1858) The Sick Child.CAREER Eugene (1849 - 1906) Close Title: The Young Sick.Author: SCHEFFER Ary (1795 - 1858) Date Created: 1824 Date Represented: Dimensions: Height 38 - Width 46 Technique and other indications: Oil on canvas Place of Conservation: Magnin Museum website Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - R.

Mucha and the theater

Mucha and the theater

Gismonda. Sarah Bernhardt. Renaissance Theater © BnF, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / BnF image Publication date: May 2006 Historical context Mucha enters the scene When Alfons Mucha (1860-1939) arrived in Paris, he was twenty-seven years old. The actress wants a poster for her new play, Gismonda.

The mobilization of women

The mobilization of women

The French Woman in War Time. © ADAGP, Bibliothèque de documentation internationale contemporain / MHCDublication date: July 2006Historical contextIn 1914-1918, while the men were at the front, women took an active part in the national effort. Both in the city and in the countryside, the "replacements" of mobilized husbands or sons are being promoted to new responsibilities.

The birth of mountaineering

The birth of mountaineering

Landscape of Susten in Switzerland.LEPRINCE Xavier (1799 - 1826) Passage du Mont Saint-Bernard.GUERARDCloseTitle: Landscape of Susten in Switzerland.Author: LEPRINCE Xavier (1799 - 1826) Date of creation: 1824 Date represented: Dimensions: Height 81.5 - Width 105 Technique and other indications: oil painting on canvas Place of Conservation: Museum of Decorative Arts website Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - H.

Romantic music in France

Romantic music in France

Hector Berlioz.GOSSET DE GUINES, known as GILL Louis Alexandre (1840 - 1885) Frédéric Chopin.COUTURE Thomas (1815 - 1879) © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot Date of publication: February 2005Historical context Faced with the expansion of the bourgeoisie and the cult of personal enrichment, in the Romantic period artists developed a kind of counter-power made of fantasy, through which they intended to restore man's greatness.

The Heliographic Mission of 1851: a heritage vocation

The Heliographic Mission of 1851: a heritage vocation

Interior view of a gallery of the cloister, Saint-Pierre abbey in MoissacLE GRAY Gustave (1820 - 1884) Château de Blois, staircase of François I. LE GRAY Gustave (1820 - 1884) Amphitheater of Nîmes, interior view.BALDUS Edouard Denis (1813 - 1889) Close Title: Interior view of a gallery of the cloister, Saint-Pierre abbey in Moissac Author: LE GRAY Gustave (1820 - 1884) Creation date: 1851 Date represented: Dimensions: Height 23.2 - Width 34.5 Technique and other indications: Salted paper print Place of conservation: Musée d & 39; Orsay website Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d & 39; Orsay) / Hervé Lewandowski Reference of the image: 00-003399 / PHO1979-20 Interior view of a gallery of the cloister, Saint-Pierre abbey in Moissac © Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d & 39; Orsay) / Hervé LewandowskiClose Title: Château de Blois, staircase of François Ier.

The anticlerical movement on the eve of 1905

The anticlerical movement on the eve of 1905

“Here is the enemy”, Poster for the review La Lanterne. © Collections La Contemporaine Publication date: February 2007 Historical context France on the eve of the separation law of 1905 France in the first decade of the twentieth century was plagued by many divisions : The Dreyfus Affair made a lasting impression, and despite the presidential pardon enjoyed by the military in 1901, requests for rehabilitation were already launched by the former lifer (they were successful in 1906).

Moliere

Moliere

The true portrait of Mr de Molière in Sganarelle's dress SIMONIN Claude (1635 - 1721) Molière reading Tartuffe at Ninon de Lenclos MONSIAU Nicolas André (1754 - 1837) Molière reading Tartuffe at Ninon de Lenclos MONSIAU Nicolas André (1754 - 1837 ) The real portrait of Mr de Molière in Sganarelle's dress.

Birth of radiotherapy

Birth of radiotherapy

First trials of cancer treatment with X-rays © Photo Archives, Assistance publique, Paris Publication date: September 2004 Video Birth of radiotherapy Video Historical background It took less than a year between the discovery of X-rays by the German physicist Conrad Röntgen ( 1845-1923), in November 1895, and the first attempts at medical applications for therapeutic purposes, in July 1896.

Napoleon III and the politics of nationalities

Napoleon III and the politics of nationalities

CloseTitle: Victory bringing news of the battle won at Magenta to the Council of RegencyAuthor: GUILLEMET Pierre-Désiré (1827 - 1863) Creation date: 1859Date represented: June 04, 1859Dimensions: Height 33.5 - Width 24.5Technique and other indications : (June 4, 1859). Oil painting on canvas Place of Conservation: National Museum of the Château de Compiègne website Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - D.

Napoleon in private

Napoleon in private

Emperor Napoleon I on the terrace of the Château de Saint-Cloud surrounded by his family's children.DUCIS Louis (1775 - 1847) Arrival of Archduchess Marie-Louise in Compiègne.AUZOU Pauline (1775 - 1835) Napoleon, Marie-Louise and the King of Rome.MENJAUD Alexandre (1773 - 1832) Close Title: The Emperor Napoleon I on the terrace of the castle of Saint-Cloud surrounded by the children of his family.

Jewish wedding in Morocco

Jewish wedding in Morocco

Close Title: Jewish wedding in Morocco Author: DELACROIX Eugène (1798 - 1863) Date represented: Dimensions: Height 105 - Width 140 Technique and other indications: Oil on canvas Place of conservation: Louvre museum (Paris) website Contact copyright: © Photo RMN- Grand Palais (Louvre Museum) / Jean-Gilles Berizzi Image reference: 96-023092 / INV3825 © Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Louvre Museum) / Jean-Gilles Berizzi Date of publication: April 2012 Historical background At the start of the year 1832, Delacroix, who had hardly traveled until then, joined the delegation of Count de Mornay dispatched by France to Morocco to Moulay Abd er-Rahman in order to ascertain the intentions of a country that the French intervention in Algeria had alarmed.

Napoleon Bonaparte and Egypt

Napoleon Bonaparte and Egypt

The pyramids of Memphis, the Sphinx, in the setting sun.BALZAC Charles (1752 - 1820) Plan of the portico of Esnah.DENON Vivant Dominique (1747 - 1825) Close Title: The pyramids of Memphis, the Sphinx, in the setting sun.Author : BALZAC Charles (1752 - 1820) Date represented: Dimensions: Height 53.5 - Width 87.3 Technique and other indications: Watercolor, pencil, black ink, gouache, pen.

The artisan worker

The artisan worker

CloseTitle: Planers of parquet.Author: CAILLEBOTTE Gustave (1848 - 1894) Creation date: 1875Date represented: 1875Dimensions: Height 102 - Width 146.5Technique and other indications: Oil on canvasLocation of Conservation: Musée d & 39; Orsay websiteContact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - H.

Smoke object

Smoke object

Close Title: Tobacco pot decorated with a Chinese fishing scene Date represented: Dimensions: Height 24.5 - Width 21.4 Technique and other indications: Pipe clay (clay, sand and lime) Between 1827 and 1840 Production site: manufacture of Creil (1797-1895) Place of Conservation: Gallé-Juillet Museum website Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - M.

Olympe de Gouges

Olympe de Gouges

CloseTitle: Olympe de Gouges.Author: ANONYMOUS (-) Date represented: Dimensions: Height 28 - Width 21.3Technique and other indications: Watercolor and graphite.Inscription: she had offered herself to defend Louis XVI Rothscild Collection Place of Conservation: Louvre museum (Paris) website Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - T.

Soviet operators and the Shoah

Soviet operators and the Shoah

Soviet filmmaker Roman Karmen in Majdanek © RGAKFD Date of publication: February 2015 Historical background The extermination camps, final stage in the discovery of the Holocaust in the East After the defeats which have followed one another since the German invasion of June 22, 1941, the Red Army stops retreating (end of 1941) and begins to reconquer lost ground (1942-1943), then the conquest of the Baltic countries, Poland and the eastern German territories (1944-1945).

Construction workers

Construction workers

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais - C. JeanPublication date: March 2016Historical contextAlexandre Steinlen, born in Lausanne in 1859, was durably impressed by the Parisian events of 1871. In 1911, at the time this painting was painted, they represent 13.6 of an estimated working population of 4.7 million people.